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dc.contributor.authorCasey, Rebecca Eileenen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:44:20Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:44:20Z
dc.date.issued2008-08-21en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-08272008-093846en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/34803
dc.description.abstractThe Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the organization that provides the technical support for the Internet. ICANN is a nonprofit organization based in California and is under contract to the United States Department of Commerce. It has come under attack from many sides because it is contracted through the U.S. government and it is a private entity. One of the main components of the controversy surrounding ICANN is whether it can represent a global society as a private entity and whether that private entity can represent Internet users. I focus my study on ICANN's Board of Directors. I evaluated the Board on the dimensions of descriptive, substantive, and formal representation (Pitkin 1967). Evaluation of ICANN's descriptive representation focused on the Board members' sex, educational backgrounds, and nationalities and compared the geographic representation on the Board to the global distribution of Internet users. The assessment of substantive representation looked at the Board members' votes to determine if patterns could be viewed based on members' descriptive characteristics. Finally, the evaluation of ICANN's formal representation examined its Bylaws, its 2006 contract with the U.S. Department of Commerce, and the California Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporations Code. The analysis found that the descriptive representativeness was low. The ICANN Board does not mirror Internet users: few women have served on the Board, those with technical educational backgrounds dominated, and the regions were not represented proportionate to their use of the Internet. Analysis of substantive representativeness was inconclusive and further investigation is needed. The formal representation analysis suggests that the ICANN Board has been formally representative.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartCaseyRThesis.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectICANNen_US
dc.subjectdescriptive repsresentationen_US
dc.subjectsubstantive representationen_US
dc.subjectformal representationen_US
dc.subjectInternet usersen_US
dc.subjectICANN Board of Directorsen_US
dc.titleICANN or ICANN't Represent Internet Usersen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPolitical Scienceen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Artsen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Artsen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePolitical Scienceen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairHult, Karen M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWalcott, Charles E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJesiek, Brenten_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-08272008-093846/en_US
dc.date.sdate2008-08-27en_US
dc.date.rdate2008-09-26
dc.date.adate2008-09-26en_US


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