Switching Frequency Effects on Traction Drive System Efficiency
Cornwell, William Lincoln
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Energy demands are steadily increasing as the world's population continues to grow. Automobiles are primary transportation means in a large portion of the world. The combination of fuel consumption by automobiles along with the shrinking fossil fuel reserves makes the development of new more energy efficient technologies crucial. Electric vehicle technologies have been studied and are still being studied today as a means of improving fuel efficiency. To that end, this work studies the effect of switching frequency on the efficiency of a hybrid electric vehicle traction drive, which contains both an internal combustion engine as well as electric motor. Therefore improving the efficiency of the electric motor and its drive will help improve the viability of alternative vehicle technologies. Automobiles spend the majority of their operational time in the lower speed, lower torque region. This work focuses on efficiency improvements in that region. To estimate the efficiency trend, the system is modeled and then tested both electrically and thermally. The efficiency is shown to increase at lower switching frequencies. The experimental results show that there are some exceptions, but the basic trend is the same.
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