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dc.contributor.authorLi, Changen_US
dc.description.abstractThe use of ultra-wideband (UWB) signals holds great promise for remote monitoring of vital-signs which has applications in the medical, for first responder and in security. Previous research has shown the feasibility of a UWB-based radar system for respiratory and heartbeat rate estimation. Some simulation and real experimental results are presented to demonstrate the capability of the respiration rate detection. However, past analysis are mostly based upon the assumption of an ideal experiment environment. The accuracy of the estimation and interference factors of this technology has not been investigated.

This thesis establishes an analytical framework for the FFT-based signal processing algorithms to detect periodic bio-signals from a single target. Based on both simulation and experimental data, three basic challenges are identified: (1) Small body movement during the measurement interval results in slow variations in the consecutive received waveforms which mask the signals of interest. (2) The relatively strong respiratory signal with its harmonics greatly impact the detection of heartbeat rate. (3) The non-stationary nature of bio-signals creates challenges for spectral analysis. Having identified these problems, adaptive signal processing techniques have been developed which effectively mitigate these problems. Specifically, an ellipse-fitting algorithm is adopted to track and compensate the aperiodic large-scale body motion, and a wavelet-based filter is applied for attenuating the interference caused by respiratory harmonics to accurately estimate the heartbeat frequency. Additionally, the spectrum estimation of non-stationary signals is examined using a different transform method. Results from simulation and experiments show that substantial improvement is obtained by the use of these techniques.

Further, this thesis examines the possibility of multi-target detection based on the same measurement setup. Array processing techniques with subspace-based algorithms are applied to estimate multiple respiration rates from different targets. The combination of array processing and single- target detection techniques are developed to extract the heartbeat rates. The performance is examined via simulation and experimental results and the limitation of the current measurement setup is discussed.

dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectcontinuous wavelet transformen_US
dc.subjectelliptical fittingen_US
dc.subjectWelch periodogramen_US
dc.subjectarray processingen_US
dc.subjectvital-signs estimationen_US
dc.titleNon-contract Estimation of Respiration and Heartbeat Rate using Ultra-Wideband Signalsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical and Computer Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US of Scienceen_US Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US and Computer Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberReed, Jeffrey Hughen_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairBuehrer, Richard Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairda Silva, Claudio R. C. M.en_US

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