Characterization of a Pressure Sensitive Adhesive (PSA) for Mechanical Design
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The material properties of PSAs are a function of loading/displacement rate, temperature, relative humidity, and stress state. The Arcanm fixture was used to test VHB™ 4950 over a range loading and stress states including fixed load and displacement rates. Several bond widths were tested to determine the extent of the shape factor effect. A second fixture was used to determine the impact of gradient-tensile stresses on the failure strength.
All of the collected data was used to generate design plots. The strength data was presented as allowable strength envelopes with respect to rate. The moduli were calculated from the load-displacement data and plotted with respect to the displacement rate. The failure strength from the fixed load and displacement data were used to transform from one loading case to the other and a plot was generated. These three plots were used in the design and analysis of several adhesive joints.
The methods demonstrated in this thesis show a great deal of promises as a design tool, but there is still a large amount of work to be done. The design space for this material is much larger than what was covered by this work. Additional strength testing needs to be conducted to fully characterize the material for all key applications. The principle of time-temperature superposition, beam-on-elastic foundation, shear lag, and shape factors all need to be validated for this material.
- Masters Theses