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dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Caroline Kimmyen
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:47:47Zen
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:47:47Zen
dc.date.issued2005-08-16en
dc.identifier.otheretd-11122005-155748en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/35674en
dc.description.abstractInteractions between copper and chlorine disinfectants were examined from the perspective of disinfectant decay and copper pitting corrosion. Sparingly soluble cupric hydroxide catalyzed the rapid decay of free chlorine, which in turn, led to production of less soluble and more crystalline phases of cupric hydroxide. The catalytic activity of the cupric hydroxide was retained over multiple cycles of chlorine dosing. Experiments with chloramine revealed that copper species could also trigger rapid loss of chloramine disinfectant. In copper pipes, loss of free chlorine and chloramine were both rapid during stagnation. Reactivity of the copper to the disinfectants was retained for weeks. Phosphate tended to decrease the reactivity between the copper pipe and chlorine disinfectants. A novel, inexpensive and real-time test to monitor copper pitting corrosion was developed. In a normal pipe, it is not possible to measure the electron flow or pitting current from the pit anode to the cathode. But a new method was developed that can form an active pit on the tip of a copper wire, which in turn, allows the pitting current to be measured. Preliminary experiments presented herein have proven that this technique has promise in at least one water condition known to cause pitting. The method also quickly predicted that high levels of orthophosphate could stop pitting attack in this water, whereas low levels would tend to worsen pitting. Future research should be conducted to examine this technique in greater detail.en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.relation.haspartCKN_Thesis_12-6-05.pdfen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectFlowen
dc.subjectAluminumen
dc.subjectCorrosionen
dc.subjectChloramineen
dc.subjectChlorineen
dc.subjectPittingen
dc.subjectCopperen
dc.titleInteractions Between Copper and Chlorine Disinfectants: Chlorine Decay, Chloramine Decay and Copper Pittingen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Engineeringen
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineEnvironmental Planningen
dc.contributor.committeechairEdwards, Marc A.en
dc.contributor.committeememberDietrich, Andrea M.en
dc.contributor.committeememberVikesland, Peter J.en
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-11122005-155748/en
dc.date.sdate2005-11-12en
dc.date.rdate2006-12-09en
dc.date.adate2005-12-09en


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