Low Profile Integrated GPS and Cellular Antenna
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This paper presents a design for a compact, low-profile antenna that operates at both the conventional cellular telephone band of 824 to 894 MHz and the civilian GPS L1 frequency of 1575 MHz. The combined antenna unit has a lateral diameter of less than 4 inches (10 cm) and its height is less than 2 inches (5 cm). The integrated unit is a hybrid design of two collocated antennas that operate at the two different bands. The planar inverted F antenna, PIFA, meets the specifications which are required in a reduced size environment. The PIFA is capable of achieving a bandwidth of 8% in the cellular band. The GPS portion of the hybrid unit consists of a dielectrically loaded patch located in a "piggyback" configuration on top of the top PIFA element.
Computer simulation and design were performed using a combination of IE3D, a 2.5 dimensional commercial moment method code, and Fidelity, a commercial full 3D finite difference time domain code. Results will be presented from these calculations along with measurements on prototype antennas using both the Virginia Tech outdoor antenna range and the Virginia Tech near-field antenna range.
- Masters Theses