Effect of Autoregulated TxeR on the Expression of Clostridium difficile Toxins
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Expression levels of ARU from the toxin B promoter region with TxeR supplied on the same plasmid (in cis) or on a different plasmid (in trans) were determined. In cis, ARU levels were 50-fold higher than strains without txeR. In trans, expression of ARU from the toxin B promoter region increased over 800-fold. When TxeR was supplied in trans to a toxin A promoter region-ARU fusion, expression levels of ARU increased over 500-fold. To test for autoregulation, TxeR was supplied in trans to the txeR promoter region fused to ARU. The effect was an increase of ARU expression up to 20-fold over background. These results suggest that TxeR is a trans-acting regulator that stimulates expression of the C. difficile toxins and is subjected to autoregulation.
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