Power Module with Series-connected MOSFETs in Flip-chip Configuration
Wang , Wei
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Power module design is needed for high system performance and reliability, especially in terms of high efficiency and high power density. Low parasitic impedance and thermal management is desired for the lower power loss and device stress. For power module with high efficiency and improved breakdown voltage, this thesis proposes a novel series-connected power MOSFETs module. Three IRF7832 MOSFETs (30 V breakdown voltage) in series are simulated in a chopper circuit. The drain-source voltage sharing in switching off-mode shows that the devices can share voltage within their breakdown ranges. The switching characteristics are studied, and the switching energy losses without parasitic inductance and with 5 nH parasitic inductances are 203.38 ÂµJ and 316.49 ÂµJ, respectively. The critical parasitic inductance is the one connecting the source of the upper MOSFET and the drain of the middle MOSFET. The switching energy loss due to critical parasitic inductance is about 44.4% of the total switching energy loss. The layout is designed for the double-substrates direct-bond module and wire-bonded module using direct-bond-copper (DBC) substrate. Based on layout dimensions and packaging materials, the packaging moduleâ s parasitic parameters are obtained using AnsoftÂ® Q3D extractor. Using parasitic inductance values from simulation, the switching energy losses of direct-bond module and wire-bonded module are 296.18 ÂµJ and 238.99 ÂµJ, respectively. Thermal management is then studied using AnsoftÂ® ePhysics. The MOSFET junction-to-air thermal resistances of the double-substrate direct-bond module and the single-substrate wire-bonded module are 33oC/W and 82oC/W, respectively. Hence, by comparing the direct-bond module with a wire-bonded power module, direct-bond module shows lower parasitic impedances and better thermal management. To test the breakdown voltage of series-connected power MOSFETs module, three TI DualCoolTM N-channel NexFET Power MOSFETs (25 V breakdown voltage) in series are assembled using flip-chip direct-bond technology. Three samples are assembled and the breakdown voltages are measured by using high-power curve tracer as 76 V, 82 V, and 72 V. The more accurate method for testing breakdown voltages by digital voltmeter obtains 77.51 V, 82.31 V, and 73.06 V. The series-connected power MOSFETs module shows compact volume, low parasitic impedances, thermal resistances and improved breakdown voltage. This power module has strong potential for use in applications that require minimized packaging size and parasitic inductance for high voltage, high switching frequency, and high efficiency.
- Masters Theses