Predistortion for Nonlinear Power Amplifiers with Memory
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The fusion of voice and data applications, along with the demand for high data-rate applications such as video-on-demand, is making radio frequency (RF) spectrum an increasingly expensive commodity for current and future communications. Although bandwidth-efficient digital modulation alleviates part of the problem by requiring a minimal use of spectral resources, they put an extra design burden on RF engineers. RF transmitters and power amplifiers account for more than half the total maintenance cost of a base-station, while occupying nearly the same portion of space. Therefore, power amplifiers become a bottleneck for digital systems in terms of space and power consumption. However, power-efficient use of the amplifiers, although desirable, is extremely detrimental to end-to-end performance due to the very high peak-to-average power ratios of modulations that are used today. In order to reduce distortion while maintaining high power conversion efficiency in a power amplifier, linearization schemes are needed. In addition, significant frequency-dependent Memory Effects result in high power amplifiers operating on wideband signals. Therefore, these effects need to be considered during any attempt to minimize amplifier distortion.
In this thesis, we present two schemes to cancel nonlinear distortion of a power amplifier, along with its memory effects and results for one of the schemes. The results highlight the fact that in the presence of significant memory effects, cancellation of these effects is necessary to achieve reasonable improvement in performance through linearization. We focus on predistortive schemes due to their digital- friendly structure and simple implementation. The operating environment consists of a multi-carrier W-CDMA signal. All of the studies are performed using numerical simulation on MATLAB and Agilent's Advanced Design System (ADS).
- Masters Theses