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dc.contributor.authorSyed, Riazen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:50:45Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:50:45Z
dc.date.issued2003-12-09en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-12242003-112654en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/36435
dc.description.abstractOne of the most difficult tasks towards designing earthquake resistant structures is the determination of critical earthquakes. Conceptually, these are the ground motions that would induce the critical response in the structures being designed. The quantification of this concept, however, is not easy. Unlike the linear response of a structure, which can often be obtained by using a single spectrally modified ground acceleration history, the nonlinear response is strongly dependent on the phasing of ground motion and the detailed shape of its spectrum. This necessitates the use of a suite (bin) of ground acceleration histories having phasing and spectral shapes appropriate for the characteristics of the earthquake source, wave propagation path, and site conditions that control the design spectrum. Further, these suites of records may have to be scaled to match the design spectrum over a period range of interest, rotated into strike-normal and strike-parallel directions for near-fault effects, and modified for local site conditions before they can be input into time-domain nonlinear analysis of structures. The generation of these acceleration histories is cumbersome and daunting. This is especially so due to the sheer magnitude of the data processing involved. The purpose of this thesis is the development and documentation of PC-based computational tools (hereinafter called EQTools) to provide a rapid and consistent means towards systematic assembly of representative strong ground motions and their characterization, evaluation, and modification within a performance-based seismic design framework. The application is graphics-intensive and every effort has been made to make it as user-friendly as possible. The application seeks to provide processed data which will help the user address the problem of determination of the critical earthquakes. The various computational tools developed in EQTools facilitate the identification of severity and damage potential of more than 700 components of recorded earthquake ground motions. The application also includes computational tools to estimate the ground motion parameters for different geographical and tectonic environments, and perform one-dimensional linear/nonlinear site response analysis as a means to predict ground surface motions at sites where soft soils overlay the bedrock. While EQTools may be used for professional practice or academic research, the fundamental purpose behind the development of the software is to make available a classroom/laboratory tool that provides a visual basis for learning the principles behind the selection of ground motion histories and their scaling/modification for input into time domain nonlinear (or linear) analysis of structures. EQTools, in association with NONLIN, a Microsoft Windows based application for the dynamic analysis of single- and multi-degree-of-freedom structural systems (Charney, 2003), may be used for learning the concepts of earthquake engineering, particularly as related to structural dynamics, damping, ductility, and energy dissipation.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartThesis-EQTools.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectFourier Amplitude Spectrumen_US
dc.subjectAttenuation Relationshipsen_US
dc.subjectSite Responseen_US
dc.subjectEQToolsen_US
dc.subjectNONLINen_US
dc.subjectGround Motion Historiesen_US
dc.subjectAmplitude Parametersen_US
dc.subjectDuration Parametersen_US
dc.subjectGround Motionsen_US
dc.subjectResponse Spectrumen_US
dc.subjectGroound Motion Databaseen_US
dc.subjectPerformance-Based Seismic Designen_US
dc.subjectProbabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysisen_US
dc.titleDevelopment of Computational Tools for Characterization, Evaluation, and Modification of Strong Ground Motions within a Performance-Based Seismic Design Frameworken_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairCharney, Finley A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMartin, James R. IIen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPlaut, Raymond H.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-12242003-112654/en_US
dc.date.sdate2003-12-24en_US
dc.date.rdate2005-01-27
dc.date.adate2004-01-27en_US


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