Nondestructive Detection of Hollow Heart in Potatoes Using Ultrasonics
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Physical properties of the tested potatoes were also recorded for consideration of their relationships with ultrasonic parameters. Physical properties of tested potatoes such as modulus of elasticity, tuber length, diameter, and weight, were found to have poor correlation with ultrasonic parameters such as ultrasonic velocity, attenuation coefficient, and root mean square voltage of transmitted signal. This study showed that if all potatoes with weights of 300 g or less were eliminated from a mass of incoming potatoes, only 80 percent of the total mass would have to be examined for hollow heart.
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