Analysis, finite element approximation, and computation of optimal and feedback flow control problems
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The analysis, finite element approximation, and numerical simulation of some control problems associated with fluid flows are considered.
First, we consider a coupled solid/fluid temperature control problem. This optimization problem is motivated by the desire to remove temperature peaks, i.e., "hot spots", along the bounding surface of containers of fluid flows. The heat equation of the solid container is coupled to the energy equation for the fluid. Control is effected by adjustments to the temperature of the fluid at the inflow boundary. We give a precise statement of the mathematical model, prove the existence and uniqueness of optimal solutions, and derive an optimality system. We study a finite element approximation and provide rigorous error estimates for the error in the approximate solution of the optimality system. We then develop and implement an iterative algorithm to compute the approximate solution.
Second, a computational study of the feedback control of the magnitude of the lift in flow around a cylinder is presented. The uncontrolled flow exhibits an unsymmetric Karman vortex street and a periodic lift coefficient. The size of the oscillations in the lift is reduced through an active feedback control system. The control used is the injection and suction of fluid through orifices on the cylinder; the amount of fluid injected or sucked is determined, through a simple feedback law, from pressure measurements at stations along the surface of the cylinder.
The results of some computational experiments are given; these indicate that the simple feedback law used is effective in reducing the size of the oscillations in the lift.
Finally, some boundary value problems which arise from a feedback control problem are considered. We give a precise statement of the mathematical problems and then prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions to the boundary value problems for the Laplace and Stokes equations by studying the boundary integral equation method.
- Doctoral Dissertations