Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(arylene ether sulfone)s with Novel Structures and Architectures
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Poly(arylene ether sulfone)s with dendritic terminal groups were synthesized by step-growth polymerization of two difunctional monomers in the presence of preformed dendritic end-cappers. These polymers were characterized by NMR, SEC, DSC, TGA, melt rheology and tensile tests. The melt viscosities of these polymers in the high frequency region were lower than the control while the stress-strain properties were comparable to those of the control, suggesting that it is possible to reduce the high shear melt viscosities of this type of polymers without affecting the stress-strain properties by introducing bulky dendritic terminal groups. Poly(arylene ether sulfone)s with hyperbranched terminal groups were also synthesized. These polymers were synthesized by reacting fluoro-terminated poly(arylene ether sulfone) chains with an arylene ether ketone AB2 monomer. The terminal groups of these polymers were capped by tert-butylphenol. The results from NMR and SEC showed that multiple tert-butyl units were successfully introduced onto the polymer chains, suggesting that this synthetic method could be useful for introducing multiple functional groups onto the polymer chain ends in fewer synthetic steps than an analogous method using preformed dendritic end-cappers. It was also demonstrated that multiple sulfonated phenols were attached to the terminal groups of polysulfones by this method. A novel cyclohexyl-containing difunctional monomer was prepared and successfully incorporated into poly(arylene ether sulfone) backbones. These polymers were characterized by NMR, SEC, DSC, TGA, DMA and tensile tests and compared to terephthaloyl analogs. Tensile tests and DMA showed the cyclohexyl units impart a higher magnitude of secondary relaxation than the terephthaloyl units while maintaining high modulus, suggesting that these polymers may have higher impact strength than the ones with no cyclohexyl units.
- Doctoral Dissertations