Development of a cloning system for gene expression in Pasteurella multocida
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A genomic library of strain P1059 was constructed using the plasmid vector pUC-19 and screened with antisera against live strain P1059; 12 out of 4,100 clones were recognized. The inserts of the plasmids from these clones ranged from 0.48- to 6.S-kilobases (kb) in length. Five of the 12 clones expressed proteins with molecular masses of 34-, 37-, 42-, 46- and 55-kDa. Escherichia coli CSR603(pOP43- 2G) and CSR603(pOP33-SF) expressed proteins recognized by antisera directed against live strain P1059. E. coli CSR603(pOP43-2G) expressed an epitope(s) which was recognized by antisera directed against strains 3865 and 3866. Conditions for transformation were optimized and attempts were made to create a shuttle vector in order to establish a cloning system for gene expression in P. multocida. The highest efficiency of transformation (1.25 x 10 7 CFU/p.g DNA) was obtained when 7.6 x 1010 cells of P. multocida R473 were electroporated at 12.5 kV cm-1 for 10 ms with 5 ng of the plasmid, p VM109. Of the six strains tested, representing serogroups A, B, D and E, all were transformed successfully. Vectors including pBR322, pUC19, pJFF224-NX and pSP329 were unable to transform P. multocida. To create a shuttle vector for gene expression in P. multocida, a Pasteurella plasmid (pLAR-1) was cloned in both orientations into the BamH I site of pBR322. These plasm ids, pLRBR .. 21 and pLRBR-67, had a transformation efficiency of 4.5 to 8 x 104 CFU/Î¼g of DNA in strain R473. Chromosomal DNA containing the Brucella abortus copper-zinc superoxide dismutase gene was cloned into the Cia I site of pLRBR-21. The 1.8-kb fragment encoding a 42-kDa Pasteurella protein was cloned into an additional unique site (Nru 1) of pLRBR-21 to determine if this plasmid was a viable shuttle vector for gene expression in P. multocida.
- Doctoral Dissertations