Analysis and numerical approximations of exact controllability problems for systems governed by parabolic differential equations
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The exact controllability problenls for systems modeled by linear parabolic differential equations and the Burger's equations are considered. A condition on the exact controllability of linear parabolic equations is obtained using the optimal control approach. We also prove that the exact control is the limit of appropriate optimal controls. A numerical scheme of computing exact controls for linear parabolic equations is constructed based on this result. To obtain numerical approximation of the exact control for the Burger's equation, we first construct another numerical scheme of computing exact controls for linear parabolic equations by reducing the problem to a hypoelliptic equation problem. A numerical scheme for the exact zero control of the Burger's equation is then constructed, based on the simple iteration of the corresponding linearized problem. The efficiency of the computational methods are illustrated by a variety of numerical experiments.
- Doctoral Dissertations