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dc.contributor.authorMisheloff, Janeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:11:39Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:11:39Z
dc.date.issued1999-05-05en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-052299-123030en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/37911
dc.description.abstractThis research addresses the subject of conventional arms transfers in the Post Cold War Era. ("Conventional arms" herein are defined as high cost, state-of-the-art weapons systems in aerospace, land vehicles, missiles and naval vessels. ") The rapid and startling changes in the international political environment that took place in the late 1980's forced the U.S. and her Western Allies to reexamine their national defense budgets. The Bush Administration responded to the situation with new policy initiatives or "jolts" that aligned the annual U.S. Department of Defense's budget with Post Cold War realities. (A "jolt" is defined here as a sudden "shock" to a system that has the potential to alter radically one or more of its established structural components or behavioral patterns.) The word "jolt" is specifically used because while the policies reducing force strength and decreasing defense spending had been introduced on earlier occasions since the end of World War II, these particular jolts were driven by different circumstances than previous drawdowns. The Cold War that had dominated and shaped international affairs was over; the Post Cold War era promised to be a radical departure from the 50-year long status quo. Some phases of the policy jolts were directly related to U.S. Department of Defense operations, such as base closings and reductions in force, while others affected the U.S. defense industrial base through the weapons acquisition process. Domestic acquisition programs have important linkages to transferable weapons systems. Such linkages were so deeply embedded that despite severe reductions in weapons acquisition programs, most prime defense contractors did not conceptually redefine or reconstitute themselves although they went through a long period of mergers and acquisitions. This research explores how U.S. governmental stakeholders interpreted the utility of conventional arms transfers in managing the "aftershocks" of the policy jolts experienced by defense contractors. Their behaviors indicate that U.S. policy-making institutions, for the most part, tried to direct favorable outcomes for U.S. sales in the world market. Ultimately, the policy initiatives undertaken to assure favorable outcomes for defense corporations and their unforeseen consequences could lead to new policies or issue transformation.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartmisheloff.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the right to archive and to make available my thesis or dissertation in whole or in part in the University Libraries in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all proprietary rights, such as patent rights. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis or dissertation.en_US
dc.subjectTransfersen_US
dc.subjectConventional Arms Exportsen_US
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V856 1999.M574en_US
dc.titlePolicy Jolts in U.S. Arms Transfers: The Post Cold War Security Environmenten_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPublic Administration and Public Affairsen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePublic Administration and Public Affairsen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairKronenberg, Philip S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWolf, James F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWhite, Orion F. Jr.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBenson, Sumneren_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKaitz, Edward M.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-052299-123030/en_US
dc.date.sdate1999-05-22en_US
dc.date.rdate2000-05-25
dc.date.adate1999-05-25en_US


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