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dc.contributor.authorAl-Akhras, Nabil M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:14:04Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:14:04Z
dc.date.issued1995-11-10en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-06062008-170019en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/38373
dc.description.abstract

An experimental study was conducted to characterize Portland cement concrete (PCC), to detect deterioration induced by freeze/thaw and alkali-silica reaction, and to detect chloride presence in PCC using ultrasonic waves. The experimental program was initiated to investigate the effect of water to cement (w/c) ratio, aggregate type, and air entrainn1ent on measured ultrasonic wave velocity and signal energy. Three w/c ratios (0.35, 0.45, and 0.55) were evaluated. Two aggregate types, quartzite and limestone, were included in the PCC mixes separately. Mixes were prepared as non-air entrained and air entrained. Thus, a total of twelve batches were prepared to evaluate PCC using ultrasonic waves at two frequencies, 54 and 340 kHz.

The experimental program to investigate freeze/thaw (FT) damage included the effect of curing time, w/c ratio, and aggregate type. The effect of curing time was investigated by exposing PCC specimens cured for 3 and 7 days to FT. Two w/c ratios were considered, 0.45 and 0.55. The effect of aggregate on detecting FT damage was investigated using two types of crushed stone aggregate, quartzite and limestone. Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) damage was investigated uSIng two w/c ratios, 0.35 and 0.45. Embedded composite strain gages were used to monitor the ASR deleterious deterioration. High alkali cement and active silica aggregate were used to produce ASR.

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dc.format.mediumBTDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartLD5655.V856_1995.A435.pdfen_US
dc.subjectnondestructive evaluationen_US
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V856 1995.A435en_US
dc.titleCharacterization and deterioration detection of portland cement concrete using ultrasonic wavesen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairAl-Qadi, Imadeddin L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDuke, John C. Jr.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWalker, Richard D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarker, Richard M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCramer, Mark S.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-06062008-170019/en_US
dc.date.sdate2008-06-06en_US
dc.date.rdate2008-06-06
dc.date.adate2008-06-06en_US


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