Equilibrium Melting Temperature Determination of Semicrystalline Polymers through Nonlinear Hoffman-Weeks Extrapolation and Secondary Crystallization of Ethylene/Styrene Copolymers
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In a second project, the effects of structural and topological constraints on the morphology, melting and crystallization behavior of ethylene/styrene copolymers are investigated. During cooling from the melt, the longest ethylene sequences crystallize into lamellae in the primary crystallization process, while the shorter ethylene sequences are suggested to form fringed micelles in the secondary crystallization process. Kinetic studies indicate that secondary crystallization is characterized by an Avrami exponent of Â½ which is consistent with a one dimensional, diffusion controlled growth. The increase in the melting temperature of secondary crystals with crystallization time is tentatively explained by a decrease in the molar conformational entropy of the remaining amorphous fraction as a result of secondary crystallization, although the possible role of an increase of crystal lateral dimensions with time cannot be rigorously ruled out.
- Doctoral Dissertations