Vitellogenin induction in male Japanese medaka exposed to the chemotherapeutics: oxytetracycline, Romet-30, and copper sulfate
Tulou, Kimberly E.
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The specificity of a medaka vitellogenin (Vtg) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was tested on adult hybrid tilapia to determine if vitellogenin could be successfully measured in tilapia using this method. Adult hybrid (Orechromis niloticus x Oreochromis mossambicus x Oreochromis aureus) tilapia were injected with 17Ã¢-estradiol (E2) at 5 Ã¬g/g body weight (b.w.) in two separate experiments and exposed to 2.5 Ã¬g/g b.w. E2 through aquaria water in a third experiment. All fish were exposed to solvent controls (50/50 PBS/ethanol, or 59/41 PBS/ ethanol) proportional to the volume of estradiol solvent used. Experiment 1 was terminated due to a decrease in fish health and unexpected mortalities. Experiment 2 was continued though there was again a decrease in fish health and mortalities before experiment was completed. According to one-way ANOVA, Experiment 2 treatment groups were significantly different (P<0.05); however, Tukeyâ s pairwise comparisons showed no differences between treatment groups. Experiment 3 results showed statistical differences between some treatment groups (P<0.001). However, maximum vitellogenin levels reached 1250 ng/mL Vtg, which were much lower than induced vitellogenin levels from literature (0.002 mg/mL to 6 mg/mL). Typical induction trends should be as follows: male control
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