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dc.contributor.authorMann, Mary Annen
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:32:02Zen
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:32:02Zen
dc.date.issued1991en
dc.identifier.otheretd-03172010-020520en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/41701en
dc.description.abstractThe efficacy of short term (3 day) oral amoxicillin therapy was compared to conventional (14 day) oral therapy in an experimental model of bacterial lower urinary tract infection (UTI) in the cat. Chemical cystitis was induced using an infusion solution of salicylic acid, 70% ethanol, and normal saline via transabdominal cystocentesis. Cats were challenged with a Staphylococcus intermedius inoculum twenty-four hours later introduced via urethral catheterization. Serial quantitative aerobic bacterial urine cultures obtained via cystocentesis were used to evaluate groups of cats. Eighteen adult cats (9 males and 9 females) were divided into 3 groups of 6 cats (3 males and 3 females): Group I = conventional amoxicillin therapy (14 day), Group II = control group (no treatment), and Group III = short term therapy (3 day). Results indicated the conventional therapy successfully eradicated infection, however, the short term therapy did not eradicate infection when compared to controls. During the study period the diuretic furosemide was used in some cats to facilitate cystocentesis procedures. Those cats were observed to exhibit less stranguria, which is a common sign of lower UTI. The second study evolved from observations made in the first study and evaluated the effect of furosemide on conventional antibiotic therapy in an experimental model of bacterial lower UTI in the cat. A similar experimental design was utilized with Group I = control group (no treatment), Group II = oral furosemide (14 day), and Group III = oral furosemide and oral amoxicillin (14 day). Statistical analysis failed to demonstrate the efficacy of the furosemide and amoxicillin combination, but showed furosemide alone was not an appropriate therapy when compared to controls. It was again observed that those cats receiving furosemide showed fewer secondary signs of lower UTI such as stranguria which suggests a possible role for furosemide as adjunct therapy in the treatment of lower UTI in the cat.en
dc.format.extentv, 56 leavesen
dc.format.mediumBTDen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 24622720en
dc.relation.haspartLD5655.V855_1991.M3655.pdfen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1991.M3655en
dc.subject.lcshAmoxicillinen
dc.subject.lcshCatsen
dc.subject.lcshUrinary tract infectionsen
dc.titleThe efficacy of short term amoxicillin therapy and the effect of furosemide on conventional antibiotic therapy in experimentally induced bacterial lower urinary tract infection in catsen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentVeterinary Medical Sciencesen
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineVeterinary Medical Sciencesen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-03172010-020520/en
dc.date.sdate2010-03-17en
dc.date.rdate2010-03-17en
dc.date.adate2010-03-17en


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