In Vitro Binding and Transport Regulation by Endothelial Cells: Preliminary Studies looking at FIX and IGF-I
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Endothelial cells separate the bloodstream from the underlying tissue and play a crucial role in vascular homeostasis. They also form an important barrier for vascular drug delivery. This thesis contains preliminary studies targeted at understanding the mechanisms of binding and transport across endothelial cells cultured in vitro. Specifically, the first study investigates how the recombinant source of Factor IX (FIX), a blood coagulant protein used in the treatment of Hemophilia B, impacts surface ligand binding (FIX to its specific receptors) to bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs). Competitive binding experiments between 125I-FIX and FIX were undertaken to quantify the interaction of recombinant and transgenic FIX with BAECs and human collagen IV and determine if there was a measurable difference in binding affinity. Results indicate limited specific binding of 125I-FIX to BAECs and no binding to human collagen IV. Concrete conclusions were not drawn from this data due to technical issues during the experimental process. The second study investigates insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) transport across both BAEC and MAC-T cells, a mammary epithelial cell line, cultured on tissue culture inserts. IGF-I is a circulatory growth factor implicated in the regulation of cell division and tissue proliferation. Competitive binding experiments between 125I-IGF-I and unlabeled protein (IGF-I, Y60L-IGF-I, a mutant of IGF-I, and IGF Binding Protein-3 (IGFBP-3)) were undertaken to quantify the binding and transport of IGF-I under various experimental conditions. Results confirmed earlier work from the Williamsâ laboratory indicating that 125I-IGF-I transport was enhanced by incubation with its non-receptor-binding analog, Y60L-IGF-I, but cell surface associated 125I-IGF-I was decreased by its presence. Other studies were undertaken but conclusive results could not be drawn.
- Masters Theses