Low-cost Wireless Internet System for Rural India using Geosynchronous Satellite in an Inclined Orbit
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A low-cost derivative of the conventional satellite-based Internet access system can be developed by utilizing an aging geostationary satellite nearing the end of its active life, allowing it to enter an inclined geosynchronous orbit by limiting station keeping to only east-west maneuvers to save fuel. Eliminating the need for individual satellite receiver modules by using one centrally located earth station per village and providing last mile connectivity using Wi-Fi can further reduce the access cost per user. A Ku band system design for rural India based on this concept, using an Intelsat 906 satellite is proposed in this thesis. The path of the satellite and the tracking requirements at village stations are determined. Components required for various blocks of the system are defined. Modulation schemes, FEC, data rates, number of customers to be served, link availability and outage statistics are presented. Quantitative analysis using link budgets and ITU rain models are provided. An optimized system design and a commercial deployment model are suggested which show the system is economically feasible.
- Masters Theses