Low-cost Wireless Internet System for Rural India using Geosynchronous Satellite in an Inclined Orbit
|dc.description.abstract||Providing affordable Internet access to rural populations in large developing countries to aid economic and social progress, using various non-conventional techniques has been a topic of active research recently. The main obstacle in providing fiber-optic based terrestrial Internet links to remote villages is the cost involved in laying the cable network and disproportionately low rate of return on investment due to low density of paid users. The conventional alternative to this is providing Internet access using geostationary satellite links, which can prove commercially infeasible in predominantly cost-driven rural markets in developing economies like India or China due to high access cost per user.
A low-cost derivative of the conventional satellite-based Internet access system can be developed by utilizing an aging geostationary satellite nearing the end of its active life, allowing it to enter an inclined geosynchronous orbit by limiting station keeping to only east-west maneuvers to save fuel. Eliminating the need for individual satellite receiver modules by using one centrally located earth station per village and providing last mile connectivity using Wi-Fi can further reduce the access cost per user. A Ku band system design for rural India based on this concept, using an Intelsat 906 satellite is proposed in this thesis. The path of the satellite and the tracking requirements at village stations are determined. Components required for various blocks of the system are defined. Modulation schemes, FEC, data rates, number of customers to be served, link availability and outage statistics are presented. Quantitative analysis using link budgets and ITU rain models are provided. An optimized system design and a commercial deployment model are suggested which show the system is economically feasible.
|dc.rights||I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.||en_US|
|dc.title||Low-cost Wireless Internet System for Rural India using Geosynchronous Satellite in an Inclined Orbit||en_US|
|dc.contributor.department||Electrical and Computer Engineering||en_US|
|dc.description.degree||Master of Science||en_US|
|thesis.degree.name||Master of Science||en_US|
|thesis.degree.grantor||Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University||en_US|
|thesis.degree.discipline||Electrical and Computer Engineering||en_US|
|dc.contributor.committeechair||Pratt, Timothy J.||en_US|
|dc.contributor.committeemember||Reed, Jeffrey Hugh||en_US|
|dc.contributor.committeemember||Ruohoniemi, J. Michael||en_US|
Files in this item
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
Masters Theses