Euonymus scale, Unaspis euonymi (Comstock) :host preference, and distribution of native and imported natural enemies in Virginia
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In 1992 and 1993, surveys were conducted to determine the presence of existing natural enemies in Virginia as well as to determine the establishment of the imported predator, Chilocarus kuwanae. In 1992, C. kuwanae and parasites from the genera Aspidiatiphagus and Encarsia was found at several locations in Virginia Beach. In 1993, C. kuvanae was recovered in seven of the twelve Virginia counties surveyed. Either Aspidiotiphagus or Encarsia were found in nine of the twelve counties. A single specimen of Cybocephalus sp. was recovered from a sample taken in Fredericksburg.
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