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dc.contributor.authorLaw, Mary Kateen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:36:10Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:36:10Z
dc.date.issued2009-05-01en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-05142009-150813en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/42653
dc.description.abstractForgiveness is a construct that has captured the interest of researchers and practitioners across various fields, from philosophy to biology; however, defining and measuring forgiveness has been a challenge because of its complex nature. By drawing on relationships discovered in past studies, reviewing definitions across disciplines, and noting weaknesses in current forgiveness measures, the task of developing a broadly applicable forgiveness measure with strong theoretical and psychometric roots resulted in the creation of the General Measure of Forgiveness (GMF). The GMF is a brief, Likert response questionnaire that is appropriate for both relationship and non-relationship transgressions; heretofore, there has not been an established measure for non-relationship trangressions. This study was an initial investigation into the psychometric properties of the GMF. In an online design, college participants (n=343) were administered the GMF along with an established interpersonal measure of forgiveness, the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI: Enright & Rique, 2004), and other measures of theoretically related and unrelated constructs. For the forgiveness measures, participants completed the GMF and EFI (order counterbalanced) in response to the same self-generated relationship transgression, then completed the GMF in response to a self-generated non-relationship transgression. Results supported the internal consistency of the GMF (Cronbachâ s alphas of .93 for both relationship and non-relationship forgiveness) and an exploratory factor analysis identified a primary factor accounting for about 30% of the total item variance. Convergent and discriminant validity analyses resulted in largely predicted relationships (e.g., r = .81 for GMFrelationship and EFI; r = .78 for GMFnon-relationship and a single-item assessment of forgiveness; r = -.26 for GMFrelationship and anger and aggression). These results are encouraging as use of the GMF could open new areas of research in non-relationship forgiveness and enhance research and application of relationship forgiveness. Specifically, the GMF holds promise for improving research by providing a brief, non-proprietary, and broadly applicable measure of forgiveness. Broadly, the study suggests that a general measure of forgiveness is feasible.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartThesis_Complete_1_2[1].pdfen_US
dc.relation.haspartapproval_letter[1].pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectforgivenessen_US
dc.subjectpsychometricsen_US
dc.subjectrelationship transgressionen_US
dc.subjectinterpersonal forgivenessen_US
dc.subjectnon-relationship transgressionen_US
dc.subjectnon-relationship forgivenessen_US
dc.titleAssessing Forgiveness: Development of a Brief, Broadly Applicable Self-report Measureen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairAxsom, Danny K.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberClum, George A. Jr.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDunsmore, Julie C.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05142009-150813/en_US
dc.date.sdate2009-05-14en_US
dc.date.rdate2009-06-11
dc.date.adate2009-06-11en_US


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