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dc.contributor.authorKlenow, Bradley A.en_US

This thesis investigates the use of the numerical modeling tools LS-DYNA and USA in modeling general far-field underwater explosions (UNDEX) by modeling a three-dimensional box barge that is subjected to a far-field underwater explosion. Past UNDEX models using these tools have not been validated by experiment and most are limited to very specific problems because of the simplifying assumptions they make. USA is a boundary element code that requires only the structural model of the box barge. LS-DYNA is a dynamic finite element code and requires both the structural model and the surrounding fluid model, which is modeled with acoustic pressure elements.

Analysis of the box barge problem results finds that the program USA is a valid tool for modeling the initial shock response of surface ships when cavitation effects are not considered. LS-DYNA models are found to be very dependent on the accuracy of the fluid mesh. The accuracy of the fluid mesh is determined by the ability of the mesh to adequately capture the peak pressure and discontinuity of the shock wave. The peak pressure captured by the model also determines the accuracy of the cavitation region captured in the fluid model. Assumptions made in the formulation of the fluid model causes potential inaccurate fluid-structure interaction and boundary condition problems cause further inaccuracies in the box barge model. These findings provide a base of knowledge for the current capabilities of UNDEX modeling in USA and LS-DYNA from which they can be improved in future work.

dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectshock captureen_US
dc.subjectnon-reflecting boundariesen_US
dc.subjectUnderwater explosionen_US
dc.titleAssesment of LS-DYNA and Underwater Shock Analysis (USA) Tools for Modeling Far-Field Underwater Explosion Effects on Shipsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentAerospace and Ocean Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US of Scienceen_US Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US and Ocean Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairBrown, Alan J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHughes, Owen F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKapania, Rakesh K.en_US

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