Feedforward temperature control using a heat flux microsensor
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The concept of using heat flux measurements to provide the input for a feedforward temperature control loop is investigated. The feedforward loop is added to proportional and integral feedback control to increase the speed of the response to a disturbance. Comparison is made between the feedback and the feedback plus feedforward control laws. The control law with the feedforward control loop is also compared to the conventional approach of adding derivative control to speed up the system response to a disturbance.
The concept was tested using a simple flat plate heated on one side and exposed to a step change in the convective heat loss on the other side. A controller was constructed using an analog computer to compare the feedforward and feedback approaches. The conventional control approach was tested using a commercial temperature controller. The feedback and feedforward approaches were also simulated.
The results showed that the feedforward control approach produced significant improvements in the response to the disturbance. The integral of the squared error between the setpoint and actual temperature was reduced by approximately 90 percent by the addition of feedforward control to the feedback control. The maximum temperature deviation from the setpoint was also reduced by 70 percent with the addition of feedforward control. Qualitative agreement was obtained between the experimental results and the computer simulations. The conventional approach of adding derivative control to the proportional and integral control showed an increase of 20 percent in the integral of the squared error, but offered no significant improvement in the maximum temperature deviation. The addition of derivative control also caused the stability of the system to decrease, while the addition of feedforward had no adverse effects on the system stability.
The concept of using heat flux measurements for feedforward control was successfully demonstrated by both simulations and experiments.
- Masters Theses