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Referent communication skills in marriage :spouses as speakers and listeners.
Seventy-two volunteer married couples were categorized
as either adjusted or non-adjusted on the basis of
scores on the Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Scale and
then participated in a communication task developed by
Rosenberg and Cohen (1964). In order to examine differences
in communication accuracy between adjusted and non-adjusted
married couples, 12 husbands and 12 wives from both adjustment
groups attempted to communicate with their spouses and
with other married persons. Each subject (S) served as
either a speaker or a listener but not as both. A bipolar
adjective checklist was administered to each ~ under eight
different response sets (self, ideal self, spouse, ideal
spouse, and the prediction of how ~'s spouse responded to
those sets) in the manner developed by Murstein and Beck (1972).