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dc.contributor.authorMorgan, John T.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:42:04Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:42:04Z
dc.date.issued1989-05-05en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-08012012-040629en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/44125
dc.description.abstractOverwinter survival of wild turkeys on industrial forests managed for short-rotation pines (treatment) and typical Piedmont forests and farmland (control), was investigated in Virginia's central Piedmont during 1986-1988. Ninety-six percent of the turkeys (N =106) were captured in early fall with alpha-chloralose laced bait. Sixty-three percent of the captured turkeys recovered and were released with transmitters; 15% were released without transmitters; and 21% died from capture related causes. Overwinter survival for all turkeys was <2% regardless of area or year. Daily survival was lower on the control areas (P < 0.01), however, due to the small (13) and scattered sample of turkeys captured over the 3 years on control areas, these data were omitted from further analyses. Daily survival on treatment areas over the 3 years was 97.6%. Thirty-seven percent of radio-equipped turkeys on treatment areas died within 2 weeks of release suggesting that factors related to the trapping process influenced survival. Possibilities considered were residual effects from alpha-chloralose, capture myopathy, and/or a negative effect from the transmitter and/or harness. Four weeks after release daily survival rates improved significantly (P < 0.01) indicating the influence from trapping had subsided. While hardwoods composed 38% of the primary treatment area, 65% of turkeys died in hardwood stands; predation accounted for 81% of the turkey mortality (N =42). Field evidence and necropsy results plus scent station data indicated that gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) were the main turkey predators. Fox scats contained no detectable turkey remains but indicated that eastern cottontails (Silvilagus floridanus) were a primary prey species.en_US
dc.format.mediumBTDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartLD5655.V855_1989.M675.pdfen_US
dc.subjectWild turkeyen_US
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1989.M675en_US
dc.titleOverwinter survival of wild turkeys on central Virginia's industrial forestsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentFisheries and Wildlife Sciencesen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineFisheries and Wildlife Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairVaughan, Michael R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBromley, Peter T.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberStauffer, Dean F.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-08012012-040629/en_US
dc.date.sdate2012-08-01en_US
dc.date.rdate2012-08-01
dc.date.adate2012-08-01en_US


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