Evaluation of photographic properties for area estimation
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It was found that lens focal length did not have an independent effect on the acreage estimates. Relief error, the lowest, averaged -0.080%. In comparison, small errors in calculating scale were shown to be larger than relief errors. Tilt was recommended to be limited to six degrees, averaging +1.6% error at six degrees tilt. Because of its positive exponential nature when the tracts are centered, tilt can induce large biases. including tilts from zero to six degrees,the average was 0.634%. Lens distortion error averaged -0.686%. Overall, the average acreage error was 0.363% for simulations up to and including six degrees of tilt with and without lens distortion. This result is for centered tracts, and it was felt many of the errors were compensating given this situation. In conclusion, the photographic images can estimate areas to $1%, however, additional errors are imparted during actual measurement of the photographs.
- Masters Theses