Sapphire optical fibers: splicing and sensing applications
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Fiber optic sensors fabricated from standard silica fibers have many advantages over conventional sensors like small size, portability, durability and immunity to electromagnetic fields. Unfortunately, these sensors are not suitable for use in harsh environments where the temperatures are greater than 700Â°C and large working stresses are involved. Sapphire fiber-based sensors present an attractive alternative for use in such environments. The material properties of sapphire like high melting point, extreme hardness and relative imperviousness to chemical reactions, coupled with the advantages of optical fiber sensing, enhance the performance of these sensors for rugged use. Unfortunately, commercial sapphire fiber that is currently available has higher optical attenuation than silica fiber and is costlier. 0, it is prudent to use a small length of sapphire fiber as a sensor head, which is then spliced to a standard singlen10de silica fiber which acts a lead-in/lead-out fiber to the sapphire sensor head. This thesis investigates possible splicing techniques to fabricate such a sensor set-up. Comparative results from experiments performed on splices that have been obtained by each of these techniques, are presented. Furthermore, two different sensor configurations using a sapphire fiber, spliced to a silica fiber, are developed, and the results of preliminary tests are presented.
- Masters Theses