Show simple item record

dc.contributorVirginia Transportation Research Councilen_US
dc.contributorVirginia Techen_US
dc.contributor.authorCousins, Thomas E.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-19T18:30:18Z
dc.date.available2014-03-19T18:30:18Z
dc.date.issued2005-06-01
dc.identifier.citationT. E. Cousins. "Investigation of Long-Term Prestress Losses In Pretensioned High Performance Concrete Girders," Virginia Transportation Research Council 530 Edgemont Road Charlottesville, VA 22903, Report No. FHWA/VTRC 05-CR20, June 2005.
dc.identifier.govdocFHWA/VTRC 05-CR20
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/46690
dc.description.abstractEffective determination of long-term prestress losses is important in the design of prestressed concrete bridges. Over-predicting prestress losses results in an overly conservative design for service load stresses, and under-predicting prestress losses, can result in cracking at service loads. Creep and shrinkage produce the most significant time-dependent effect on prestress losses, and research has shown that high performance and high strength concretes (HPC and HSC) exhibit less creep and shrinkage than conventional concrete. For this reason, the majority of traditional creep and shrinkage models and methods for estimating prestress losses, over-predict the prestress losses of HPC and HSC girders. Nine HPC girders, with design compressive strengths ranging from 8,000 psi to 10,000 psi, and three 8,000 psi lightweight HPC (HPLWC) girders were instrumented to determine the changes in strain and prestress losses. Several creep and shrinkage models were used to model the instrumented girders. For the HPLWC, each model over-predicted the long-term strains, and the Shams and Kahn model was the best predictor of the measured strains. For the normal weight HPC, the models under-estimated the measured strains at early ages and over-estimated the measured strains at later ages, and the B3 model was the best-predictor of the measured strains. The PCI-BDM model was the most consistent model across all of the instrumented girders. Several methods for estimating prestress losses were also investigated. The methods correlated to high strength concrete, the PCI-BDM and NCHRP 496 methods, predicted the total losses more accurately than the methods provided in the AASHTO Specifications. The newer methods over-predicted the total losses of the HPLWC girders by no more than 8 ksi, and although they under-predicted the total losses of the normal weight HPC girders, they did so by less than 5 ksi.
dc.description.sponsorshipVirginia Department of Transportation 59300
dc.description.sponsorshipFHWA 59300
dc.format.extent70 pages
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Center for Transportation Innovation and Research
dc.subjectPrestressen_US
dc.subjectBridgesen_US
dc.subjectGirdersen_US
dc.subjectHigh performance concreteen_US
dc.subjectLightweight concreteen_US
dc.subjectShrinkageen_US
dc.subjectCreepen_US
dc.titleInvestigation of Long-Term Prestress Losses in Pretensioned High Performance Concrete Girdersen_US
dc.typeTechnical reporten_US
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.virginiadot.org/vtrc/main/online_reports/pdf/05-cr20.pdf
dc.date.accessed2013-11-21
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record