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Real-Time Optical Differentiation For Moire Interferometry
Real-time methods for differentiation of in-plane displacement fields produced by the moire interferometry technique are introduced. Two approaches are developed: (1) optical shearing of displacement patterns and (2) superposition of two lateral shear interferograms of wavefronts from 2 diffraction orders of the specimen grating. Coherence problems are circumvented by polarization effects. In both cases additive-type moire fringes give the map of displacement derivatives of the object under load. The issue of carrier patterns and extraneous fractional fringe order is clarified. Experimental verification of the principle is presented.