Design Of A High-Temperature And High-Pressure Liquid Flow Cell For X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Measurements Under Catalytic Reaction Conditions
Chun, W. J.
Bando, K. K.
Oyama, S. T.
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The design and performance of a new high-pressure and high-temperature cell for measurement of x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectra of solid catalysts working in a flowing liquid are presented. The cell has flat, high-purity sintered cubic boron nitride (c-BN) windows which can tolerate high temperature (900 K) and high pressure (10 MPa). The c-BN is a new material which has the highest tensile strength, second only to diamond, and is also chemically and thermally stable. The use of the cell is demonstrated for measurements of PtPd/Al(2)O(3) and Ni(2)P/SiO(2) hydrodesulfurization catalysts at reaction conditions. A technique called delta chi (Delta chi), involving determining the difference between XAFS spectra of the sample at reaction conditions and the bare sample, is introduced. (c) 2008 American Institute of Physics.