Noncontacting Detection in Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation Of Materials: Simple Optical Sensor And Fiberoptic Interferometric Application
Duke, J. C.
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An optical displacement sensor based on the two_beam interferometry of coherent light using two principal diffracted orders of a fine reflection blazed grating is constructed. The inherent capability of the interferometer for absolute calibration, its maximum sensitivity adjustment, and the simplicity of the configuration of its components are explained. Utilization of a single_mode optical fiber in the test arm of the interferometer to enhance the geometric flexibility of the optical system is demonstrated. The sensor's application in the noncontacting detection of stimulated ultrasonic stress waves for nondestructive evaluation of advanced composite materials is emphasized. The detected signal is digitized and recorded using an IBM PC with a plug_in data_acquisition board. The combination of high sampling rate capability of the device and optical detection has facilitated the signal processing of ultrasonic waves in order to achieve interpretation and quantification of the physical parameter of interest (i.e., displacement).
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