Path-integral approach to the Hubbard model
Weng, Z. Y.
Ting, C. S.
Lee, T. K.
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A path-integral approach to the Hubbard model is developed for the whole range of the coupling strength U. At half filling, the strong-coupling results are readily reproduced within the simple Gaussian fluctuations. The low-lying spin wave is shown to be described by the nonlinear sigma-model. The effective coupling of the doped hole with the background fluctuations also agrees with that obtained from the t-J model in the small-doping limit. At finite doping, such a formalism may provide a starting point for investigating the short-range spin-liquid state.