Transition rates for a S >= 1 spin model coupled to a d-dimensional phonon bath
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We consider a S >= 1 spin model (or a generalized Blume-Capel model) weakly coupled to a d-dimensional phonon bath and investigate transition rates between different spin configurations. This study is motivated by understanding magnetization relaxation as a function of temperature in diverse magnetic systems such as arrays of magnetic nanoparticles and magnetic molecules. We assume that the magnetization of the spin system relaxes through consecutive emission or absorption of a single phonon. From a weak, linear spin-phonon coupling Hamiltonian, we derive transition rates that would be used to examine dynamic properties of the system in kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. Although the derived phonon-assisted transition rates satisfy detailed balance, in the case of two- and three-dimensional phonon baths, transitions between degenerate states are not allowed. ( This is a major difference of the phonon-assisted transition rates from the Metropolis and Glauber transition rates. ) Thus, if there are no alternative paths along which the spin system can relax, the relaxation time diverges. Otherwise, the system finds other paths, which leads to an increase in the relaxation time and energy barrier. However, when higher-order phonon processes are included in the transition rates, it is found that the system can reach the states which were inaccessible due to the forbidden transitions. As a result, the system recovers some of the dynamic properties obtained using the Glauber transition rate.