Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorStreff, Frederick M.en
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-13T14:38:33Zen
dc.date.available2014-08-13T14:38:33Zen
dc.date.issued1986en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/49837en
dc.description.abstractThis study examined the parameters under which risk compensation in driving can occur due to the use of safety belts. Risk compensation theories hypothesize that if individuals wear safety belts, they will . drive in a more risky manner than if they do not wear safety belts due to the increased perception of safety they provide. Although much of the current literature has debated the existence of risk compensation in driving for many years, until the current study an experimental analysis of the effect has not yet been conducted that permits a controlled examination of both between-subject and within-subject effects. Risk compensation was not found in the between-subject analyses of the present research, however the within-subject analyses demonstrated the risk compensation effect. Subjects drove significantly faster when they switched from not wearing a safety belt to wearing a safety belt than subjects who either did not switch belt use or drivers who switched from safety belt use to safety belt non-use. The study also suggested that the mechanism by which risk compensation occurs is that safety belt use makes drivers feel safer when they can compare the sensations wearing a safety belt vs. those when not wearing a safety belt. The risk compensation effect probably did not manifest itself in the between-subject studies because this comparison did not (and could not) take place. The implications of this study to driving real automobiles on multi-user roadways is discussed. Suggestions and examples of possible research to further expand the knowledge about how and when risk compensation occurs are also provided.en
dc.format.extentvi, 76 leavesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.publisherVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 16171007en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V856 1986.S773en
dc.subject.lcshAutomobiles -- Seat beltsen
dc.subject.lcshIndustrial safetyen
dc.subject.lcshMotor vehicle drivingen
dc.titleDriving safety and safety engineering: exploring risk compensationen
dc.typeDissertationen
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen
dc.description.degreePh. D.en
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.description.adminincomplete_metadataen


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record