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Discrete Element Method (DEM) Contact Models Applied to Pavement Simulation
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Pavement is usually composed of aggregate, asphalt binder, and air voids; rigid pavement is built with hydraulic cement concrete; reinforced pavement contains steel. With these wide ranges of materials, different mechanical behaviors need to be defined in the pavement simulation. But so far, there is no research providing a comprehensive introduction and comparison between various contact models. This paper will give a detail exploration on the contact models that can be potentially used in DEM pavement simulation; in the analysis, it includes both a theoretical part, simulation results and computational time cost, which can reveal the fundamental mechanical behaviors for the models, and that can be a reference for researchers to choose a proper contact model. A new contact model��"the power law viscoelastic contact model is implemented into software PFC 3D and is numerically verified. Unlike existing linear viscoelastic contact models, the approach presented in this thesis provides a detailed exploration of the contact model for thin film power-law creeping materials based on C.Y Chueng's work. This model is aimed at simulating the thin film asphalt layer between two aggregates, which is a common structure in asphalt mixtures. Experiments with specimens containing a thin film asphalt between two aggregates are employed to validate the new contact model.
- Masters Theses