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dc.contributor.authorBrooks, Kayla Leanneen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-04T08:00:23Z
dc.date.available2014-09-04T08:00:23Z
dc.date.issued2014-09-03en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:3623en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/50440
dc.description.abstractBreast milk remains the optimum vehicle to deliver high quality nutrients, including oligosaccharides, in quantities sufficient to sustain normal growth, however, it is currently unknown whether the addition of prebiotics to infant formula would alter neonate growth and development. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) and Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) supplementation in nursery pig diets on growth and efficiency of food utilization. Forty-eight 4-day old crossbred pigs (1.628 ± .037 Kg BW) were randomly assigned to 1 of 8 diets: 1) milk-based formula containing Type 2 GOS and Type 1 FOS (4 + 1 g/L); 2) soy-based formula containing Type 1 FOS (3g/L); 3) milk-based formula with no prebiotic added; 4) milk-based formula containing Type 2 GOS only (5g/L); 5) milk-based formula containing Type 1 GOS only (5g/L); 6) milk-based formula containing Type 2 GOS and Type 2 FOS (4 + 1 g/L); 7) milk-based formula containing Type 1 GOS and Type 1 FOS (4 + 1 g/L); 8) soy-based formula with no prebiotic added. Diets were isonitrogenous, isocaloric and fed at 250 mL/kg body for a 2-week period. At sacrifice, blood and tissue samples were collected for analysis. A diet by time interaction (P < 0.001) indicated a smaller rate of accretion in bone mineral content for soy-based diets. Total bacteria and lactobacillus were significantly affected by treatment (P < 0.001). In conclusion, the addition of GOS and FOS to formula does not appear to alter growth however, the gut microbiota was significantly modified.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectoligosaccharidesen_US
dc.subjectpigsen_US
dc.subjectgrowthen_US
dc.subjectmicrobiotaen_US
dc.titleThe Safety and Adequacy of Galactooligosaccharides and Fructooligosaccharides in Infant Pig Formulaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentAnimal and Poultry Sciencesen_US
dc.description.degreeMSen_US
thesis.degree.nameMSen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnimal and Poultry Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairRhoads, Robert Pen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEl-Kadi, Samer Wassimen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPonder, Monica Anneen_US


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