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dc.contributor.authorRuss, Katerinaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-18T19:36:30Z
dc.date.available2015-02-18T19:36:30Z
dc.date.issued2011-05en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/51516
dc.description.abstractDairy producers have used antibiotics as part of their on-farm management practices for decades. Antibiotics cure bacterial infections by killing or injuring the bacteria responsible for causing the infection, and can be a useful tool in treating a wide variety of cattle illnesses, from mammary gland infections (mastitis) to infections resulting from retained placentas among a myriad of other dairy cattle illnesses. And when used properly, antibiotics can be a valuable tool for dairy producers to treat ill animals. But the dairy farm landscape has changed drastically, with dairy producers managing larger herds of cattle to maximize milk production and ultimately profits. Larger herds are more difficult to manage and monitor, and subsequently the focus diverts from management at the cow level and preventing cattle illnesses and evolves into waiting for cattle to become ill and then treating them accordingly. Consequently, dairy producers may rely more heavily on antibiotics, thereby increasing the risk of antibiotic residues in the milk they sell. Misuse and over-use of antibiotics on dairy farms could have serious public health implications if solutions are not sought to minimize their use on the farm—especially ―extra-label use. The minimization of antibiotic use and the prevention of antibiotic residues must begin on the farm through more intensive management practices at the cow level that emphasize disease prevention through proper animal husbandry and management.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThe authors of these projects and reports are the copyright owners. Virginia Tech's Digital Library and Archives has their permission to store and provide access to these works.en_US
dc.subjectdairy productionen_US
dc.subjectantibioticsen_US
dc.subjectpublic healthen_US
dc.subjectmanagementen_US
dc.titleThe public health implications of antibiotic use in dairy cattle and management strategies to ensure their judicious useen_US
dc.typeMaster's projecten_US
dc.contributor.departmentFood Science and Technologyen_US
dc.description.degreeMALSen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Agricultural and Life Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineFood Safetyen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairEifert, Joseph D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBoyer, Reneeen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWilliams, Roberten_US


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