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dc.contributorVirginia Tech. Charles E. Via, Jr. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.authorVejerano, Eric P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLeon, Elena C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHolder, Amara L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMarr, Linsey C.en_US
dc.identifier.citationVejerano, E. P., Leon, E. C., Holder, A. L., & Marr, L. C. (2014). Characterization of particle emissions and fate of nanomaterials during incineration. Environmental Science: Nano, 1(2), 133-143. doi: 10.1039/C3EN00080J
dc.description.abstractAs the use of nanotechnology in consumer products continues to grow, it is inevitable that some nanomaterials will end up in the waste stream and will be incinerated. Through laboratory-scale incineration of paper and plastic wastes containing nanomaterials, we assessed their effect on emissions of particulate matter (PM) and the effect of incineration on the nanomaterials themselves. The presence of nanomaterials did not significantly influence the particle number emission factor. The PM size distribution was not affected except at very high mass loadings (10 wt%) of the nanomaterial, in which case the PM shifted toward smaller sizes; such loadings are not expected to be present in many consumer products. Metal oxide nanomaterials reduced emissions of particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Most of the nanomaterials that remained in the bottom ash retained their original size and morphology but formed large aggregates. Only small amounts of the nanomaterials (0.023–180 mg g−1 of nanomaterial) partitioned into PM, and the emission factors of nanomaterials from an incinerator equipped with an electrostatic precipitator are expected to be low. However, a sustainable disposal method for nanomaterials in the bottom ash is needed, as a majority of them partitioned into this fraction and may thus end up in landfills upon disposal of the ash.
dc.description.sponsorshipUS Environmental Protection Agency - Science to Achieve Results grant (83485601)
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology - National Science Foundation (U.S.) EF-0830093
dc.description.sponsorshipVirginia Tech. Institute for Critical Technologies and Applied Science
dc.publisherThe Royal Society of Chemistry
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEnvironmental Science: Nano Recent HOT Articles
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported
dc.subjectToxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbonsen_US
dc.subjectPolychlorinated dibenzofurans/dioxinsen_US
dc.subjectParticle emissionsen_US
dc.titleCharacterization of Particle Emissions and Fate of Nanomaterials During Incinerationen_US
dc.title.serialEnvironmental Science: Nano

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