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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Zhiyangen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-03T06:00:53Z
dc.date.available2015-05-03T06:00:53Z
dc.date.issued2013-11-08en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:1648en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/51966
dc.description.abstractIon transport of electrolytes determines the performance of many electroactive devices, from fuel cells to batteries to soft mechanical actuators. This dissertation aims to address some fundamental issues regarding ion transport of ion dense electrolytes using electrophoretic NMR and NMR diffusometry. I first describe the design and fabrication of the first instrumentation capable of reliable ENMR on highly ion-dense electrolytes such as ionic liquids and electrolytes for zinc-air batteries. I design a new electrophoretic NMR sample cell using parallel capillaries to investigate the electrophoretic mobilities of pure ionic liquids. It shows the first study of a highly ion-dense electrolyte with electrophoretic NMR. Then I employ NMR diffusometry and electrophoretic NMR to investigate ion association of pure ionic liquids. Then I use electrophoretic NMR technique to investigate the electrophoretic mobilities of electrolytes for zinc-air batteries. For Zn2+ salt added dicyanamide (dca) based ionic liquids, I investigate the effects of Zn2+ salt on chemical shift of dca and ion motion. The combination of mobilities measurements and diffusion measurements provides some new insight of ion aggregation. We explore ion transport of ionic liquids inside the ionic polymer Nafion as a function of hydration level. When ionic liquids diffuse inside ionic polymers, isolated anions diffuse faster (e 4X) than cations at high hydration whereas ion associations result in substantially faster cation diffusion (d 3X) at low hydration inside membranes, revealing prevalent anionic aggregates. Finally, we compare diffusion activation energy measurements in a hydrated perfluorosulfonate ionomer and aqueous solutions of triflic acid, which provides insight into water transport dynamics on sub-nm lengthscales. And we explore the physical meaning of activation energy, characterizing local intermolecular interactions that occur on the pre-diffusional (~ 1 ps) timescale.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjecttransporten_US
dc.subjectelectrophoretic NMRen_US
dc.subjectelectrophoretic mobilityen_US
dc.subjectconductivityen_US
dc.titleProbing Transport of Ion Dense Electrolytes using Electrophoretic NMRen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentChemistryen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairMadsen, Louis A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMoore, Robert Bowenen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMorris, John R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTroya, Diegoen_US


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