Adsorption of Biomacromolecules onto Polysaccharide Surfaces
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Plant cell wall polysaccharides are abundant natural polymers making them potential sources for sustainable and biodegradable materials. Interfacial behavior, including adsorption and enzymatic degradation, of several plant cell wall polysaccharides and their derivatives were studied with a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D), surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Xyloglucan adsorption isotherms were obtained to probe how cellulose-hemicellulose interactions were affected by the type of cellulose substrate and molar mass of xyloglucan. Xyloglucan as small as a heptasaccharide still adsorbed irreversibly onto cellulose. Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) adsorption onto cellulose and viscoelastic properties and water contents of the adsorbed CMC layers were obtained from a combination of QCM-D and SPR data. The CMC samples formed hydrated and viscoelastic layers compared to the relatively rigid xyloglucan layer. Pectin model surfaces were prepared by pectin adsorption from citric phosphate buffer onto gold substrates. These pectin model surfaces were used for subsequent interaction studies with xyloglucan and enzymatic degradation behavior. There is a strong correlation between the degree of esterification (DE) and film resistance to degradation with the high DE being the most susceptible to degradation. The adsorption of two mixed linkage glucans (MLG), barley and lichen MLG, onto regenerated cellulose (RC) surfaces in the absence and presence of other matrix polysaccharides was studied. Viscoelastic properties of the resulting layer were compared as a function of the proprotion of '-(1''3) linkages with lichen MLG forming softer gel-like layers on RC. The lichen MLG layers were further used for enzymatic degradation studies with respect to enzyme concentration, temperature, pH and ionic strength. These studies show that polymer adsorption is a promising strategy to modify material surfaces and provides fundamental understanding of interactions and biodegradation of cell wall polysaccharides at solid/liquid interfaces.
- Doctoral Dissertations