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dc.contributor.authorWalker, Sharyl E.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-23T19:09:29Zen
dc.date.available2015-06-23T19:09:29Zen
dc.date.issued1988en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/53195en
dc.description.abstractRunoff from agricultural lands carrying microorganisms from livestock manure can contaminate the food and water supplies of both animals and humans. Planning and design of animal waste best management practices (BMPs) thus becomes more important as livestock populations become more concentrated. A computer model is proposed to predict the effects of animal waste BMPs on the bacteria concentration of runoff from agricultural lands. The model uses Monte Carlo simulation to combine the deterministic relationships resulting from previous modeling efforts with statistical knowledge concerning rainfall events and temperature variation. Model output is in the form of monthly maximum and minimum log bacteria concentrations of runoff resulting from a storm assumed to occur immediately after manure is applied to the land. The effects of implementing such BMPs as waste storage, filter strips, and incorporation of manure into the soil can be compared. Data and information collected from the Owl Run watershed in Fauquier County, Virginia is used to demonstrate the model applicability and potential. Long-term manure storage is determined to be the most appropriate practice for reducing bacteria concentrations for the study site. Incorporation of manure is as effective as long-term storage, but requires additional labor. Buffer strips significantly reduce bacteria concentrations, but not as effectively as long-term storage or incorporation. Additional efforts are needed to investigate the most influential variables and to make the temperature simulation submodel more computationally efficient. Once BMPs have been implemented on the study site, more data should be collected to test the accuracy of the model.en
dc.format.extentxi, 147 leavesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 19033568en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1988.W353en
dc.subject.lcshAgricultural pollutionen
dc.subject.lcshManuresen
dc.subject.lcshBacteriology, Agriculturalen
dc.titleA model for predicting bacteria concentrations in runoff from agricultural landsen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentAgricultural Engineeringen
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineAgricultural Engineeringen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten


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