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The CAMPFIRE programme in Zimbabwe: Payments for wildlife services
(Elsevier B.V., 2008)
This paper discusses the development of Zimbabwe's Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE). Implemented in 1989, it is one of the earliest examples of a PES (payments for environmental ...
Environmental NGO's, dispossession, and the state: The ideology and praxis of African nature and development
(Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1995)
Zimbabwe provides a significant context to examine the interplay of the new development rhetoric, the actions of powerful conservation organizations, donor policies, a relatively strong and stable government, and the ...