Now showing items 21-40 of 4077

    • 3D Hepatic Cultures Simultaneously Maintain Primary Hepatocyte and Liver Sinusoidal Endothelial Cell Phenotypes 

      Kim, Yeonhee; Rajagopalan, Padmavathy (PLOS, 2010-11-12)
      Developing in vitro engineered hepatic tissues that exhibit stable phenotype is a major challenge in the field of hepatic tissue engineering. However, the rapid dedifferentiation of hepatic parenchymal (hepatocytes) and ...
    • 3D Hybrid of Layered MoS2/Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Nanosheet Aerogels: An Effective Catalyst for Hydrogen Evolution in Microbial Electrolysis Cells 

      Hou, Yang; Zhang, Bo; Wen, Zhenhai; Cui, Shumao; Guo, Xiaoru; He, Zhen; Chen, Junhong (The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014-06-18)
      Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) have been conceived and intensively studied as a promising technology to achieve sustainable wastewater treatment. However, doubts and debates arose in recent years regarding the technical and ...
    • 3D printed graphene-based self-powered strain sensors for smart tires in autonomous vehicles 

      Maurya, Deepam; Khaleghian, Seyedmeysam; Sriramdas, Rammohan; Kumar, Prashant; Kishore, Ravi Anant; Kang, Min Gyu; Kumar, Vireshwar; Song, Hyun-Cheol; Lee, Seul-Yi; Yan, Yongke; Park, Jung-Min; Taheri, Saied; Priya, Shashank (2020-10-26)
      The transition of autonomous vehicles into fleets requires an advanced control system design that relies on continuous feedback from the tires. Smart tires enable continuous monitoring of dynamic parameters by combining ...
    • 3D printing vending machine 

      Mechanical Engineering; Macromolecules Innovation Institute (MII); Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties, Inc.; Williams, Christopher B.; Elliott, Amelia M.; McCarthy, David Lee; Meisel, Nicholas Alexander (United States Patent and Trademark Office, 2016-08-16)
      A vending machine for creating a three-dimensional object having an enclosure having an exterior and interior. The interior receives and houses at least one three-dimensional printer. An interface for accepting an instruction ...
    • 50-kHz-rate 2D imaging of temperature and H2O concentration at the exhaust plane of a J85 engine using hyperspectral tomography 

      Ma, Lin; Li, Xuesong; Sanders, Scott T.; Caswell, Andrew W.; Roy, Sukesh; Plemmons, David H.; Gord, James R. (Optical Society of America, 2013-01-01)
      This paper describes a novel laser diagnostic and its demonstration in a practical aero-propulsion engine (General Electric J85). The diagnostic technique, named hyperspectral tomography (HT), enables simultaneous 2-dimensional ...
    • 5SL: A Language for Declarative Specification and Generation of Digital Libraries 

      Goncalves, Marcos A.; Fox, Edward A. (2002-07-01)
      Digital Libraries (DLs) are among the most complex kinds of information systems, due in part to their intrinsic multi-disciplinary nature. Nowadays DLs are built within monolithic, tightly integrated, and generally inflexible ...
    • 5th International Symposium on Focused Ultrasound 

      Abounader, Roger; Abraham, Christopher; Adema, Gosse; Agrawal, Punit; Airan, Raag; Aleman, Dionne; Alexander, Phillip; Alkins, Ryan; Alnazeer, Moez; Altman, Michael; Aly, Amirah; Amaral, Joao G.; Amrahli, Maral; Amraoui, Sana; Andarawewa, Kumari; Andriyakhina, Yulia; Angstadt, Mary; Ankou, Bénédicte; Arias, Ana C.; Arvanitis, Costas; Asadnia, Kiana; Aubert, Isabelle; Aubry, Jean F.; Aubry, Jean-Francois; Aurup, Christian; Bader, Kenneth; Badr, Lena; Baek, Hongchae; Barbato, Gaetano; Beccaria, Kevin; Bellorofonte, Carlo; Benson, Lee; Bernus, Olivier; Berriet, Rémi; Bertolina, Jim; Beskin, Viktoriya; Bessière, Francis; Bethune, Allison; Bezzi, Mario; Bond, Aaron; Bonomo, Guido; Borowsky, Alexander; Borys, Nicolas; Böttcher, Joachim; Bouley, Donna; Bour, Pierre; Bourekas, Eric; Brenin, David; Brokman, Omer; Brosh, Inbar; Buckner, Andrew; Bullock, Timothy; Cafarelli, Andrea; Cahill, Jessica; Camarena, Francisco; Camelo-Piragua, Sandra; Campbell, Benjamin; Campbell, Fiona; Cannata, Jon; Canney, Michael; Carlson, Roy; Carneiro, Antonio; Carpentier, Alexandre; Catheline, Stefan; Cavin, Ian; Cesana, Claudio; Chabok, Hamid R.; Chamanara, Marzieh; Chang, Jin H.; Chang, Won S.; Changizi, Barbara; Chapelon, Jean Y.; Chaplin, Vandiver; Chapman, Martin; Chaudhary, Neeraj; Chaussy, Christian; Chen, Cherry; Chen, Johnny; Chen, Wohsing; Chen, Xiaoming; Chevalier, Philippe; Chiou, George; Chisholm, Alexander; Christofferson, Ivy; Chung, Hyun H.; Ciuti, Gastone; Clement, Gregory; Cooper, Mark; Corea, Joseph; Corso, Cristiano; Cosman, Josh; Coughlin, Dezba; Crake, Calum; Cunitz, Bryan; Curiel, Laura; Curley, Colleen; Czarnota, Gregory; Dababou, Susan; Dallapiazza, Robert; de Bever, Joshua; de Jager, Bram; de Ruiter, Joost; de Senneville, Baudouin D.; Deckers, Roel; Delattre, Jean-Yves; den Brok, Martijn; Dhanaliwala, Ali; Diodato, Alessandro; Dixon, Adam; Donner, Elizabeth; Downs, Matthew; Du, Zhongmin; Dubois, Rémi; Dupre, Aurelien; Eikelenboom, Dylan; Elias, W. J.; Ellens, Nicholas; Endre, Ruby; Eran, Ayelet; Erasmus, Hans-Peter; Everstine, Ashli; Farahani, Keyvan; Farrer, Alexis; Farry, Justin; Federau, Christian; Feng, Xue; Ferrer, Cyril; Ferrera, Vincent; Fishman, Paul; Foley, Jessica; Frenkel, Victor; Fütterer, Jurgen; Gach, H. M.; Gandhi, Dheeraj; Gertner, Michael; Goldsher, Dorit; Gorgone, Alessandro; Greillier, Paul; Griesenauer, Rebekah; Grissom, William; Grondin, Julien; Guha, Chandan; Gulati, Amitabh; Gullapalli, Rao; Guo, Sijia; Gupta, Samit; Gurm, Hitinder; Gwinn, Ryder; Hadley, Rock; Haïssaguerre, Michel; Hammoud, Dima; Hananel, Arik; Hargrove, Amelia; Hatch, Robert; Haworth, Kevin; Hazan, Eilon; He, Ye; Heemels, Maurice; Heerschap, Arend; Hilas, Elaine; Hoang-Xuan, Khe; Hocini, Mélèze; Hodaie, Mojgan; Hofmann, Denis; Holland, Christy; Hoogenboom, Martijn; Hopyan, Sevan; Hossack, John; Houdouin, Alexandre; Hsu, Po-Hung; Hu, Jim; Hurwitz, Mark; Huss, Diane; Hwang, Chang-il; Hwang, Joo H.; Idbaih, Ahmed; Ikeuchi, Masahiko; Ingham, Elizabeth; Ives, Kimberly; Izumi, Masashi; Jackson-Lewis, Vernice; Janát-Amsbury, Margit; Jang, Kee W.; Jedruszczuk, Kathleen; Jiménez-Gambín, Sergio; Jiménez, Noé; Johnson, Sara; Jonathan, Sumeeth; Joy, Joyce; Jung, Hyun H.; Jung, Na Y.; Kahn, Itamar; Kamimura, Hermes; Kamrava, Seyed K.; Kang, Jeeun; Kang, Kook J.; Kang, Soo Y.; Kao, Yi-tzu; Katti, Prateek; Kawasaki, Motohiro; Kaye, Elena; Keupp, Jochen; Kim, AeRang; Kim, Harry; Kim, Hyun-Chul; Kim, Hyuncheol; Kim, Hyungmin; Kim, Min S.; Kim, Namho; Kiyasu, Katsuhito; Kneepkens, Esther; Knopp, Michael; Kobus, Thiele; Koral, Korgun; Kreider, Wayne; Krishna, Vibhor; Krug, Roland; Krupa, Steve; Kuo, Chia-Chun; Kwiecinski, Wojciech; Lacoste, Romain; Lam, Heather; Lamberti-Pasculli, Maria; Lang, Brian; Larner, James; Larrabee, Zachary; Leach, J. K.; LeBlang, Suzanne; Leclercq, Delphine; Lee, Hak J.; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Lehericy, Stéphane; Leighton, Wan; Leung, Steven; Lewis, Bobbi; Lewis, Matthew; Li, Dawei; Linn, Sabine; Lipsman, Nir; Liu, Hao-Li; Liu, Jingfei; Lopes, M. B.; Lotz, Jeff; Lu, Xin; Lundt, Jonathan; Luo, Xi; Lustgarten, Lior; Lustig, Micheal; Macoskey, Jonathan; Madore, Bruno; Maev, Roman; Magat, Julie; Maimbourg, Guillaume; Maimon, Noam; Mainprize, Todd; Malayer, Jerry; Maples, Danny; Marquet, Fabrice; Marrocchio, Cristina; Marx, Mike; Mastorakos, Panagiotis; Mauri, Giovanni; McLean, Hailey; McMichael, John; Mead, Brian; Melodelima, David; Melot-Dusseau, Sandrine; Menciassi, Arianna; Merrill, Robb; Meyer, Joshua; Midiri, Massimo; Miga, Michael; Migliore, Ilaria G.; Miller, Eric; Minalga, Emilee; Moon, Hyungwon; Moore, David; Mourad, Pierre; Mouratidis, Petros; Mueller, Michael; Mugler, John; Muller, Sébastien; Namba, Hirofumi; Naor, Omer; Nassar, Maria; Nazai, Navid; Negron, Karina; Negussie, Ayele; Nguyen, Thai-Son; Nicolay, Klaas; Nikolaeva, Anastasia V.; Oetgen, Matthew; Olive, Kenneth; Olumolade, Oluyemi; Orsi, Franco; Owens, Gabe; Ozilgen, Arda; Padegimas, Linas; Palermo, Carmine; Pan, Chia-Hsin; Pandey, Aditya; Papadakis, Georgios; Park, Chang K.; Park, Sang M.; Parker, Jonathon; Parvizi, Mohammad H.; Pascal-Tenorio, Aurea; Patel, Janish; Patz, Sam; Payen, Thomas; Perich, Eloi; Pernot, Mathieu; Perol, David; Perry, James; Pillarisetty, Venu; Pioche, Mathieu; Pizzuto, Matthew; Plaksin, Michael; Plata, Juan; Price, Karl; Prince, Jessica; Przedborski, Serge; Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo; Ramachandran, Akhilesh; Ranjan, Ashish; Ravikumar, Vinod; Reichenbach, Juergen; Repasky, Elizabeth; Rezai, Ali; Ritter, Philippe; Rivoire, Michel; Rochman, Carrie; Rosenberg, Jarrett; Rosnitskiy, Pavel B.; Ruiz, Antonio; Sahgal, Arjun; Samiotaki, Gesthimani; Sanghvi, Narendra; Santin, Mathieu D.; Santos, Domiciano; Sasaki, Noboru; Sastra, Steve; Schade, George; Schall, Jeffrey; Schlesinger, Ilana; Schmitt, Paul; Schwaab, Julia; Scionti, Stephen; Scipione, Roberto; Scoarughi, Gian L.; Scott, Serena; Sebeke, Lukas; Seifabadi, Reza; Seo, Jai; Sesenoglu-Laird, Ozge; Shah, Binit; Shahriari, Kian; Shaikh, Sumbul; Shea, Jill; Shi, Jiaqi; Shim, Jenny; Shinkov, Alexander; Shuman, Jillian; Silvestrini, Matthew; Sim, Changbeom; Sin, Vivian; Sinai, Alon; Singh, Manoj; Sinilshchikov, Ilya; Skalina, Karin; Slingluff, Craig; So, Po-Wah; Solomon, Stephen; Son, Keon H.; Sperling, Scott; Stein, Ruben; Stein, Sherman; Stevens, Aaron; Stimec, Jennifer; Storm, Gert; Straube, William; Suelmann, Britt; Sutton, Jonathan; Svedin, Bryant; Takemasa, Ryuichi; Takiguchi, Mitsuyoshi; Tam, Emily; Tan, Jeremy; Tang, Xinyan; Tanter, Mickael; Tebebi, Pamela; Tehrani, Seruz; Temple, Michael; Teofilovic, Dejan; ter Haar, Gail; Terzi, Marina E.; Thueroff, Stefan; Timbie, Kelsie; Tognarelli, Selene; Tretbar, Steffen; Trudeau, Maureen; Tsai, Yi-Chieh; Tsysar, Sergey A.; Tucci, Samantha; Tuveson, David; Ushida, Takahiro; Vaessen, Paul; Vaillant, Fanny; Van Arsdell, Glen; van Breugel, Johanna; Van der Jeugd, Ann; Van der Jeugd, Anneke; Van der Wall, Elsken; van Diest, Paul; van Stralen, Marijn; Varano, Gianluca; Velat, Manuela; Vidal-Jove, Joan; Vigna, Paolo D.; Vignot, Alexandre; Vincenot, Jeremy; Vykhodtseva, Natalia; Wang, Bin; Wang, Han; Wang, Kevin; Wang, Qi; Wang, Qingguo; Wang, Shengping; Wang, Yak-Nam; Wang, Zhaorui; Wardlow, Rachel; Warren, Amy; Waszczak, Barbara; Watson, Katherine; Webb, Taylor; Wei-Bin, Shen; Wei, Kuo-Chen; Weiss, Steffen; Weissler, Yoni; Werner, Beat; Wesseling, Pieter; Williams, Noelle; Wilson, Emmanuel; Wintermark, Max; Witkamp, Arjen; Wong, Carlos; Wu, Jing-Fu; Wydra, Adrian; Xu, Alexis; Xu, Doudou; Xu, Su; Yang, Georgiana; Yang, Nai-Yi; Yao, Chen; Yarowsky, Paul; Ye, Patrick P.; Yuldashev, Petr; Zaaroor, Menashe; Zachiu, Cornel; Zahos, Peter; Zangos, Stephan; Zhang, Dandan; Zhang, Hua; Zhang, Jimin; Zhang, Junhai; Zhang, Xi; Zhao, Li; Zhong, Pei; Zhuo, Jiachen; Zidowitz, Stephan; Zinke, Wolf; Zorgani, Ali (2016-11-21)
    • 6G Enabled Smart Infrastructure for Sustainable Society: Opportunities, Challenges, and Research Roadmap 

      Imoize, Agbotiname Lucky; Adedeji, Oluwadara; Tandiya, Nistha; Shetty, Sachin (MDPI, 2021-03-02)
      The 5G wireless communication network is currently faced with the challenge of limited data speed exacerbated by the proliferation of billions of data-intensive applications. To address this problem, researchers are ...
    • A Declarative Approach to Hardening Services Against QoS Vulnerabilities 

      Kwon, Young-Wo; Tilevich, Eli (IEEE, 2011)
      The Quality of Service (QoS) in a distributed service-oriented application can be negatively affected by a variety of factors. Network volatility, hostile exploits, poor service management, all can prevent a service-oriented ...
    • A diffusion-viscous analysis and experimental verification of defect formation in sintered silver bond-line 

      Xiao, Kewei; Ngo, Khai D. T.; Lu, Guo-Quan (Cambridge University Press, 2014-04-01)
      The low-temperature joining technique (LTJT) by silver sintering is being implemented by major manufacturers of power electronic devices and modules for bonding power semiconductor chips. A common die-attach material used ...
    • A Framework for Occupancy Tracking in a Building via Structural Dynamics Sensing of Footstep Vibrations 

      Poston, Jeffrey D.; Buehrer, R. Michael; Tarazaga, Pablo Alberto (Frontiers, 2017-11-06)
      Counting the number of occupants in building areas over time—occupancy tracking— provides valuable information for responding to emergencies, optimizing thermal conditions or managing personnel. This capability is distinct ...
    • A human exposome framework for guiding risk management and holistic assessment of recycled water quality 

      Garner, Emily; Zhu, Ni; Strom, Laurel; Edwards, Marc A.; Pruden, Amy (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-04-12)
      Challenges associated with water scarcity and increasing water demand are leading many cities around the globe to consider water reuse as a step towards water sustainability. Recycled water may be used in a spectrum of ...
    • A Modest Proposal for Open Market Risk Assessment to Solve the Cyber-Security Problem 

      O’Shea, Timothy J.; Mondl, Adam; Clancy, T. Charles (Virginia Tech, 2016-04-29)
      We introduce a model for a market based economic system of cyber-risk valuation to correct fundamental problems of incentives within the information technology and information processing industries. We assess the makeup ...
    • A Simulation Optimization Approach to Epidemic Forecasting 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Beckman, Richard J.; Shashaani, Sara; Nagaraj, Kalyani S.; Marathe, Madhav V. (PLOS, 2013-06-27)
      Reliable forecasts of influenza can aid in the control of both seasonal and pandemic outbreaks. We introduce a simulation optimization (SIMOP) approach for forecasting the influenza epidemic curve. This study represents ...
    • A systematic review of studies on forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks 

      Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Brownstein, John S.; Ramakrishnan, Naren; Marathe, Madhav V. (Wiley, 2013-12-23)
      Forecasting the dynamics of influenza outbreaks could be useful for decision-making regarding the allocation of public health resources. Reliable forecasts could also aid in the selection and implementation of interventions ...
    • Aberrant Calcium Signaling in Astrocytes Inhibits Neuronal Excitability in a Human Down Syndrome Stem Cell Model 

      Mizuno, Grace O.; Wang, Yinxue; Shi, Guilai; Wang, Yizhi; Sun, Junqing; Papadopoulos, Stelios; Broussard, Gerard J.; Unger, Elizabeth K.; Deng, Wenbin; Weick, Jason; Bhattacharyya, Anita; Chen, Chao-Yin; Yu, Guoqiang; Looger, Loren L.; Tian, Lin (Elsevier, 2018-07-10)
      Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder that causes cognitive impairment. The staggering effects associated with an extra copy of human chromosome 21 (HSA21) complicates mechanistic understanding of DS pathophysiology. ...
    • Ablation outcome of irreversible electroporation on potato monitored by impedance spectrum under multi-electrode system 

      Zhao, Yajun; Liu, Hongmei; Bhonsle, Suyashree P.; Wang, Yilin; Davalos, Rafael V.; Yao, Chenguo (2018-09-20)
      Background Irreversible electroporation (IRE) therapy relies on pulsed electric fields to non-thermally ablate cancerous tissue. Methods for evaluating IRE ablation in situ are critical to assessing treatment ...
    • The Abridgment and Relaxation Time for a Linear Multi-Scale Model Based on Multiple Site Phosphorylation 

      Wang, Shuo; Cao, Yang (PLOS, 2015-08-11)
      Random effect in cellular systems is an important topic in systems biology and often simulated with Gillespie’s stochastic simulation algorithm (SSA). Abridgment refers to model reduction that approximates a group of ...
    • Abstraction Mechanisms in Support of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Task Specification 

      Raghu, K. S.; Arthur, James D. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1988), TR-88-15
      Abstraction is a powerful mechanism for describing objects and relationships from multiple, yet consistent, perspectives. When properly applied to interface design, abstraction mechanisms can provide the interaction ...
    • The Abstraction Refinement Model and the Modification-Cost Problem 

      Keller, Benjamin J.; Nance, Richard E. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1992), TR-92-29
      A problem common to systems and software engineering is that of estimating the cost of making changes to a system. For system modifications that include changes to the design history of the system this is the "modification-cost" ...