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Now showing items 3070-3089 of 3128

    • Water heater temperature set point and water use patterns influence Legionella pneumophila and associated microorganisms at the tap 

      Rhoads, William J.; Ji, Pan; Pruden, Amy; Edwards, Marc A. (Biomed Central Ltd, 2015-12-01)
      Background Lowering water heater temperature set points and using less drinking water are common approaches to conserving water and energy; yet, there are discrepancies in past literature regarding the effects of water ...
    • Wavelet Based ULF Pulsation Index for Studying Conjugate ULF Pulsation at High Latitudes and Its Applications to Space Weather 

      Xu, Zhonghua; Kim, H.; Clauer, C. R.; Weimer, Daniel R.; Deshpande, K. (2016-12-14)
    • WBCSim: A Prototype Problem Solving Environment for Wood-Based Composites Simulations 

      Goel, A; Phanouriou, Constantinos; Kamke, Frederick A.; Ribbens, Calvin J.; Shaffer, Clifford A.; Watson, Layne T. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1998-12-01), TR-98-25
      This paper describes a computing environment named WBCSim that is intended to increase the productivity of wood scientists conducting research on wood-based composite materials. WBCSim integrates Fortran 77-based ...
    • WBCSim: An Environment for Modeling Wood-Based Composites Manufacturing 

      Shu, Jiang; Watson, Layne T.; Zombori, B.G.; Kamke, Frederick A. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 2002), TR-02-01
      This paper describes a computing environment WBCSim that increases the productivity of wood scientists conducting research on wood-based composite materials and manufacturing processes. WBCSim integrates Fortran 90 simulation ...
    • Web Archiving 

      Lee, Spencer; Kanan, Tarek; Jiao, Jian (2009-10-09)
      This module covers the ideas, approaches, problems and needs of web archiving to build a static and long term collection consisting of web pages.
    • A Web Based Architecture for Visually Coordinating and Publishing Multiple View Visualizations 

      Conklin, Nathan (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 2002), TR-02-03
      User coordinated visualizations are a powerful mechanism for building a visual interface. They allow a user to tailor an interface to their needs by choosing components, allowing visual representations customized to a task ...
    • Web Publishing 

      Karia, Pratik (2009-09-08)
      This module covers the general principles of web publishing and the various paradigms that can be used for storing and retrieving content within digital libraries. This module introduces various techniques to publish ...
    • Web Response Time and Proxy Caching 

      Liu, Binzhang; Abdulla, Ghaleb; Johnson, Tommy; Fox, Edward A. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1998-03-01), TR-98-07
      It is critical to understand WWW latency in order to design better HTTP protocols. In this paper we characterize Web response time and examine effects of proxy caching on response time. We show that at least a quarter of ...
    • Weights and Measures: An Axiomatic Model for Similarity Computations 

      France, Robert K. (1994)
      This paper proposes a formal model for similarity functions, first over arbitrary objects, then over sets and the sorts of weighted sets that are found in text retrieval systems. Using a handful of axioms and constraints, ...
    • Weka 

      Peddi, Bhanu; Xiong, Huijun; ElSherbiny, Noha (2010-12-10)
      This module stresses the methods of text classification used in information retrieval. We focus on the usage of Weka, a data mining toolkit, in data processing with three classification algorithms: Naive Bayes [1], k Nearest ...
    • What if There Were Desktop Access to the Computer Science Literature? 

      Brueni, Dennis J.; Fox, Edward A.; Heath, Lenwood S.; Hix, Deborah; Nowell, Lucy Terry; Wake, William C. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1992), TR-92-42
      What if there was an electronic computer science library? Consider the possibilities of having your favorite publications available within finger's reach. Consider project Envision, an ongoing effort to build a user-centered ...
    • What is a Successful Digital Library? 

      Shen, Rao; Vemuri, Naga Srinivas; Fan, Weiguo; Fox, Edward A. (2006-09-18)
      We synthesize diverse research in the area of digital library (DL) quality models, information systems (IS) success and adoption models, and information-seeking behavior models, to present a more integrated view of the ...
    • What to know before forecasting the flu 

      Chakraborty, Prithwish; Lewis, Bryan; Eubank, Stephen; Brownstein, John S.; Marathe, Madhav; Ramakrishnan, Naren (PLOS, 2018-10-12)
      Accurate and timely influenza (flu) forecasting has gained significant traction in recent times. If done well, such forecasting can aid in deploying effective public health measures. Unlike other statistical or machine ...
    • When Stopping Rules Don't Stop 

      France, Robert K. (1995)
      Performing ranked retrieval on large document collections can be slow. The method of stopping rules has been proposed to make it more efficient. Stopping rules, which terminate search when the highest ranked documents have ...
    • Whiggism in Computer Science: Views of the Field 

      Lee, John A. N. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1992), TR-92-17
      The teaching of any science is not complete without the inclusion of those elements that constitute the foundations of the field. While the history of computing is an element of those fundamentals in computer science, ...
    • Whirling of a base-excited cantilever beam 

      Hyer, Michael W. (Acoustical Society of America, 1979-04-01)
      The paper describes the response of a thin elastic cantilever beam excited by a known harmonic displacement at its base. The principal moments of the beam cross-sectional area are equal and the base excitation is in one ...
    • Who Reuses What? C++ Libraries and Programmer's Traits 

      Lattanzi, Mark; Henry, Sallie M. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1994-05-01), TR-94-18
      Software Reuse is one key to increasing productivity within the software development process. By reusing existing software, time and effort are saved in the coding, testing, and maintenance phases of a software product. ...
    • Whole Brain Radiation-Induced Impairments in Learning and Memory Are Time-Sensitive and Reversible by Systemic Hypoxia 

      Warrington, Junie P.; Csiszar, Anna; Mitschelen, Matthew; Lee, Yong Woo; Sonntag, William E. (PLOS, 2012-01-18)
      Whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is commonly used for treatment of primary and metastatic brain tumors; however, cognitive impairment occurs in 40–50% of brain tumor survivors. The etiology of the cognitive impairment ...
    • Whole Exome Sequencing to Identify Genetic Variants Associated with Raised Atherosclerotic Lesions in Young Persons 

      Hixson, James E.; Jun, Goo; Shimmin, Lawrence C.; Wang, Yizhi; Yu, Guoqiang; Mao, Chunhong; Warren, Andrew S.; Howard, Timothy D.; Vander Heide, Richard S.; Van Eyk, Jennifer; Wang, Yue; Herrington, David M. (Springer Nature, 2017-06-22)
      We investigated the influence of genetic variants on atherosclerosis using whole exome sequencing in cases and controls from the autopsy study "Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY)". We identified ...
    • Why double-stranded RNA resists condensation 

      Tolokh, Igor S.; Pabit, Suzette A.; Katz, Andrea M.; Chen, Yujie; Drozdetski, Aleksander; Baker, Nathan; Pollack, Lois; Onufriev, Alexey V. (2014-09-15)
      The addition of small amounts of multivalent cations to solutions containing double-stranded DNA leads to inter-DNA attraction and eventual condensation. Surprisingly, the condensation is suppressed in double-stranded RNA, ...