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dc.contributorVirginia Tech. Department of Biologyen
dc.contributorVirginia Tech. Department of Civil Engineeringen
dc.contributor.authorReay, William G.en
dc.contributor.authorGallagher, Daniel L.en
dc.contributor.authorSimmons, George M. Jr.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T22:29:52Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T22:29:52Zen
dc.date.issued1995en
dc.identifier.citationReay, W. G., Gallagher, D. L., & Simmons, G. M. (1995). Sediment-Water Column Oxygen and Nutrient Fluxes in Nearshore Environments of the Lower Delmarva Peninsula, US. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 118(1-3), 215-227. doi:10.3354/meps118215en
dc.identifier.issn0171-8630en
dc.identifier.otherm118p215.pdfen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/64885en
dc.description.abstractSediment-water column exchanges of oxygen, dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) were measured in situ over an annual cycle for sandy and silt-clay sediment types in a shallow Chesapeake Bay (USA) inlet. Benthic oxygen and inorganic nutrient fluxes differed between sediment types. Based on metabolic rate estimates and photosynthetic pigment concentrations, nearshore sandy sediments were more productive than silt-clay sediments. Overall benthic community respiration rates were 872 mu mol m(-2) h(-1) for sandy sediments and 2220 mu mol m(-2) h(-1) for silt-clay sediments. Elevated ammonium and DIP sediment fluxes were associated with silt-clay sediments. Sandy and silt-clay sediment ammonium fluxes ranged from -44 to 358 and -30 to 615 mu mol m(-2) h(-1) respectively, with DIP fluxes ranging from -5.3 to 42.0 and -3.3 to 35.7 mu mol m(-2) h(-1). Negative nutrient flux values denote sediment uptake. Sediment ammonium and DIP fluxes were dependent on benthic aerobic respiration rates for silt-clay sediments. In contrast, sandy sediment ammonium fluxes were less dependent and DIP fluxes showed no relationship to benthic aerobic respiration rates. Ammonium and DIP flux rates were significantly reduced in transparent chambers as compared to opaque chambers indicating the importance of the benthic microalgal community. On an annual basis, sandy sediments could supply 11% of the phosphorus and 6% of the phytoplankton nitrogen requirements based on gross productivity estimates, whereas silt-clay sediments could supply 11 and 14%, respectively. Positive correlations between sandy and silt-clay sediment DIN fluxes and phytoplankton DIN assimilatory demands emphasize the importance and interdependence of sediment heterotrophic and water column autotrophic processes. Short water column DIN and DIP turnover times, on the order of hours, were characteristic of summer conditions when water column nutrient concentrations were low and silt-clay sediment nutrient fluxes high. Conversely, nutrient turnover times on the order of days were characteristic of winter conditions when water column nutrient concentrations were high and sediment nutrient fluxes low.en
dc.description.sponsorshipVirginia Water Resources Research Centeren
dc.description.sponsorshipVirginia. Division of Soil and Water Conservationen
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundationen
dc.format.extent13 p.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherInter-Researchen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectSediment-surface water interactionsen
dc.subjectNutrientsen
dc.subjectOxygenen
dc.subjectBenthic microalgaeen
dc.subjectEstuariesen
dc.subjectChesapeake Bayen
dc.titleSediment-Water Column Oxygen and Nutrient Fluxes in Nearshore Environments of the Lower Delmarva Peninsula, USAen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.rights.holderInter-Researchen
dc.contributor.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological Sciencesen
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/118/m118p215.pdfen
dc.date.accessed2016-02-01en
dc.title.serialMarine Ecology Progress Seriesen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3354/meps118215en
dc.identifier.volume118en
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten


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