Optimizing the management of complex dynamic ecosystems: An ecological-economic modeling approach
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Ecosystems supply a wide range of goods and services to mankind. This includes, for example, timber supplied by forests, and animal feed supplied by rangeland systems. In addition, ecosystems supply a range of essential life support services, such as the regulation of climatic and biochemical processes, and they have a non-use value related to their importance for the conservation of global biodiversity. In response to a continuously growing global population as well as progressively expanding economic activities, human pressure on ecosystems has been steadily increasing. Currently, substantial areas have been degraded by pollution, overharvesting of resources, and/or ill-planned land-use conversion. Hence, in view of the importance of ecosystems for mankind, there is a need to ensure optimal management of the current stock of ecosystems.
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Kamwenda, G.J. (Washington, D.C.: Information Service of F.A.O., 2002)Environmental degradation resulting from extensive grazing and haphazard exploitation of rangeland forestry resources is a severe problem for the agropastoralists of Shinyanga, a northeastern region of the United Republic ...
Scholes, M. (Pretoria, South Africa: South African Institute of Forestry, 2002)This paper discusses the use of an ecosystems approach in the management of plantations and the concept of plantations in providing goods and services. Ecological indicators are compared for the CIFOR and South African ...
Managing Natural Resources Locally: An Overview of Innovations and Ten Initial Steps for Local Governments Queblatin, E.; Catacutan, Delia C.; Garrity, Dennis P. (Bukidnon, Philippines: International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Southeast Asian Regional Research Programme: International Fund for Agricultural Development, 2001)This publication reports on the devolution and growth in community-based resource that is taking place in the Philippines. The authors suggest effective, innovative approaches for enabling local governments to manage resources.